Abstract 10851: Effect of Glycemic State on Postprandial Hyperlipidemia and Hyperinsulinemia in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease
Background: Both postprandial hyperlipidemia and hyperinsulinemia have been thought to play an important role in the development of atherosclerosis, and to be a potent risk factor for cardiovascular event.
Methods: To examine effects of glycemic state on postprandial hyperlipidemia and hyperinsulinemia in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), a total of 146 consecutive male patients with angiographically confirmed CAD were loaded with a high-fat and high-glucose test meal. CAD patients were divided into three groups as “non-diabetic”, “prediabetic”, and “diabetic” CAD groups. 28 male normoglycemic patients without CAD matched on age were served as control subjects.
Results: The serum triglyceride (TG) and remnant-like particle cholesterol (RLP-C) levels at the 6th hour in diabetic CAD group showed significantly higher than non-diabetic CAD group, and the area under the curves (AUCs) of these levels in diabetic CAD group were significantly greater than non-diabetic CAD group (TG, P = 0.0287; RLP-C, P = 0.0386). There were no significant differences in the AUCs of TG or RLP-C between prediabetic and non-diabetic CAD group. The AUCs of plasma insulin levels or insulin resistance index (IRI): (AUCs of insulin) x (AUCs of glucose) as the insulin resistance marker were greater in diabetic CAD group than non-diabetic CAD group (insulin, P = 0.0311; IRI, P = 0.0235). The AUCs of serum TG or RLP-C levels showed a correlation with the AUCs of plasma insulin (AUC-TG, r = 0.4381, P <0.0001; AUC-RLC-P, r = 0.3953, P <0.0001), and they correlated well with the insulin resistance index (AUC-TG, r = 0.7194, P <0.0001; AUC-RLC-P, r = 0.6621, P <0.0001). Conclusions: We found that the insulin resistance showed a close relationship with postprandial hyperlipidemia in CAD patients. Diabetic, but not prediabetic state, may be a risk for postprandial impaired lipid metabolism.
Author Disclosures: A. Nakamura: None. Y. Monma: None. S. Kajitani: None. Y. Terui: None. K. Noda: None. S. Nakajima: None. H. Endo: None. T. Takahashi: None. E. Nozaki: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.