Abstract 10756: Chronic Kidney Disease in Long-term Survivors After Fontan Palliation
Background: The Fontan operation is a palliative procedure for children with congenital single ventricle heart disease. With advances in prenatal diagnosis and surgical techniques, more children are surviving into adulthood with unique cardiovascular physiology. Little is currently known about long-term kidney function in these patients.
Hypothesis: We hypothesize that long-term survivors after Fontan palliation will have a higher prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) compared to healthy controls.
Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of subjects evaluated through the Single Ventricle Survivorship Program (SVSP) at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia between July 1, 2010 and December 5, 2014 and healthy children similar in sex and age. The primary outcome was CKD, defined as eGFR <90 ml/min/1.73m2 calculated with age-appropriate estimating equations using creatinine and cystatin C. Secondary outcomes included proteinuria and hyperparathyroidism.
Results: The Fontan cohort included 68 subjects with mean age of 13.9 years (SD 5.8) at SVSP visit who were 11.2 years (SD 5.7) from Fontan operation. The healthy cohort included 70 patients with mean age of 15.9 years (SD 3.9). Mean eGFR was 102.6 versus 101.9ml/min/1.73m2 (p=0.89) in pediatric Fontan versus healthy subjects using the complete CKiD equation, and 128.5 versus 129.7ml/min/1.73m2 (p=0.56) in adult Fontan versus healthy subjects using the CKD-EPI creatinine and cystatin formula. 10% of Fontan subjects had an eGFR<90 ml/min/1.73m2. Mean intact parathyroid hormone level was higher at 68.0pg/mL (SD 35.4) in the Fontan group compared to 26.0pg/mL (SD 13.6) in the healthy group. Proteinuria was found within 34% of the Fontan group compared to 4.6% within the control group.
Conclusion: We found that 10% of subjects have eGFR <90ml/min/1.73m2 after Fontan palliation which would indicate CKD if this remained persistent over time. Although the majority of the cohort had normal kidney function by eGFR, we found a higher proportion with proteinuria and increased parathyroid hormone levels which may indicate early kidney disease. Future studies will focus on evaluating changes in kidney function over time in long-term survivors after Fontan palliation.
Author Disclosures: S. Sharma: None. R.L. Ruebner: None. S.L. Furth: None. K.M. Dodds: None. J. Rychik: None. D.J. Goldberg: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.