Abstract 10007: Revascularization in Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease_Lower Early MACCE Rate With Multiple Arterial Bypass Grafting Than Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Objectives: CABG and PCI are used for revascularization of multivessel coronary artery disease (MVCAD). However, limited information is available comparing the rates of in-hospital and 30-day major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event (early MACCE), including early death, stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), and repeat revascularization, among patients with multiple arterial CABG (MultArt) vs PCI.
Methods: We reviewed 12,615 MVCAD patients with isolated primary CABG or PCI from 1993 through 2009. CABG patients (n=6,667) were grouped by number of arterial grafts into left internal mammary artery/saphenous vein (LIMA/SV) (n=5,712) or MultArt (n=955); PCI patients (n=5,948) into balloon angioplasty (BA) (n=1,020), bare metal stent (BMS) (n=3,242), and drug-eluting stent (DES) (n=1,686).
Results: Early MACCE rate was significantly greater for PCI than CABG (8.5% vs 4.1% [P<.001]) and lower for MultArt than LIMA/SV or PCI (1.5% vs 4.5% and 8.5%, respectively [P<.001]). Stroke and early death rates were higher in CABG vs PCI (2.2% vs 0.4% [P<.001], and 1.5% vs 1.0% [P=0.01], respectively), whereas MI and repeat revascularization were lower (0.5% vs 6.0% and 0.3% vs 2.2%, respectively [P<.001]). Stroke and early death were similar in MultArt and PCI and lower vs LIMA/SV (0.6% and 0.4% vs 2.6%, and 0.5% and 1.0% vs 1.7%, respectively [P<.001]); MI and repeat revascularization rates were similar in MultArt and LIMA/SV and lower vs PCI (0.4% and 0.6% vs 6.0%, and 0.3% and 0.3% vs 2.3%, respectively [P<.001]). In propensity score-matched analysis, CABG had significantly improved early MACCE rate compared with BA (4.7% vs 13.2% [P<.001]), BMS (4.3% vs 8.3% [P<.001]), and DES (2.9% vs 5.5% [P=.008]), and MultArt compared with PCI (1.8% vs 7.8% [P<.001]) fig.
Conclusions: In MVCAD patients undergoing isolated primary revascularization, CABG conferred lower early MACCE rate vs PCI. Early MACCE rate was markedly decreased after MultArt compared with LIMA/SV, BA, BMS, and DES.
Author Disclosures: C. Locker: None. H.V. Schaff: None. R.C. Daly: None. B.R. Malcolm: None. R.L. Frye: None. J.M. Stulak: None. K.L. Greason: None. J.A. Dearani: None. L.D. Joyce: None. A. Pochettino: None. Z. Li: None. R.J. Lennon: None. A. Lerman: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.