Abstract 88: Pentraxin 3 in Coronary Artery Lesions in Kawasaki Disease
Although vascular inflammation is an important feature of Kawasaki disease (KD), the usefulness of local inflammatory markers as biomarkers for KD is unknown. Pentraxin 3 (PTX3), soluble lectin-like oxidized low density lipoprotein receptor 1 (sLOX-1) and matrix metraloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) are biomarkers of inflammation of vascular components. Objective: We tested whether plasma concentrations of PTX3, sLOX-1 or MMP-9 would be a useful biomarker for detecting high risk patient of coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) in KD and compared with serum level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-18. The ability of the assays to identify KD patients at risk for CAA was analyzed. Methods: PTX3, sLOX-1, MMP-9, IL-6 and IL-18 concentrations of 50 KD patients at different four clinical points were analyzed. Point A represented on admission; B, pre-IVIG; A+B, before IVIG; C, after IVIG; D, after fever resolution. Each concentration was compared with the rate of occurrence of CAA and IVIG unresponsiveness. Results: Each value was evaluated in 50 KD patients (2 with CAA, 48 without CAA). Three patients were treated without IVIG, 17 with one course of IVIG, and six with two IVIGs, two with three IVIGs, respectively. At the points A+B, C, D means for PTX3 were; 33.4, 11.7, 9.00 ng/ml, mean for MMP-9; 34.6, 19.2, 24.2 ng/ml, mean for sLOX-1; 3.82, 2.33, 2.25 ng/ml, respectively. Levels of PTX3 (p<0.001) and MMP-9 (p<0.05) were significantly higher in before IVIG than after IVIG; whereas levels of sLOX-1, as well as those of IL-6 and IL-18 were comparable between before and after IVIG. PTX3 were well correlated with IL-6 level (R2=0.73). Both cases with extraordinary high PTX3 levels at admission of 91.8 and 65.3 ng/ml were complicated with coronary artery aneurysms, even though they were treated by three courses of IVIG. The level of plasma PTX3 was significant related with the course numbers of IVIG (p<0.05). Conclusion: Levels of PTX3 and MMP-9 appear to be associated with clinical course of KD. Levels of PTX3 were correlated with the severity of disease; how many doses of IVIG enough to resolve fever. An extraordinary high PTX3 level might be suggestive of the existence of CAA. These data suggest that PTX3 can be a candidate biomarker for prediction of unresponsiveness and CAA formation in patients with KD.
Author Disclosures: T. Kitoh: 2. Research Grant; Modest; Toukai Foundation for Technology. Y. Kitagawa: None. R. Baba: None. A. Kaneko: None. M. Shimizu: None. A. Yachie: None. N. Kume: None. T. Hamakubo: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.