Abstract 206: Coronary Artery Thrombosis in an Infant with Kawasaki Disease without Giant Coronary Aneurysm and Iron Deficiency Anemia: a Case Report
The major complication of Kawasaki disease is coronary aneurysm which can cause acute coronary disease in early adulthood. There are some reports of coronary artery thrombosis during the period of active Kawasaki disease in infants with giant coronary aneurysm. This report demonstrated a 5-month-old male infant who presented high-grade fever for 7 days. He was treated as urinary tract infection for 6 days before referral. At admission, he had fever, red lips and swelling of both feet, then was diagnosed Kawasaki disease. His EKG showed ST elevation at lead II, III and AVF. His initial echocardiogram revealed coronary dilatation with perivascular brightness; RCA 2.7 mm (Z-score 4.38), LMCA 2.88 mm (Z-score 2.83) and LAD 2.7 mm (Z-score 5.79). There was a clot 2.5 X 2.5 mm in LAD. However, his LV systolic function was normal (EF 76%). His blood test showed low hemoglobin as 8.9 g/dL and MCV as 61.9 fL, high white cell count 20,400/mm3 and platelet count as 606,000/mm3. His initial ESR and CRP elevated at 91 mm/hr and 52 mg/L, respectively. The cardiac enzymes were normal; CKMBmass 2.9 ng/mL (0-3) and troponin-T 0.004 ng/mL (< 0.4). He received IVIG 2.3 g/kg and aspirin 79 mg/kg/day and was closely monitored the vital signs and cardiac enzymes. His fever completely disappeared within 24 hours after treatment, then aspirin was decreased to 6 mg/kg/day. Also, he received intravenous heparin for 4 days, and then was switched to Enoxaparin. He was discharged uneventfully on day 22 of admission. Further blood test confirmed the diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia as follow; serum iron 30 [[Unable to Display Character: ɥ]]g/dL, transferrin-iron binding capacity 446 [[Unable to Display Character: ɥ]]g/dL and transferrin saturation 6.7% (< 16). He received iron supplement for 4 months. The clot in coronary artery gradually decreased in size and finally disappeared in seven months after diagnosis. So, the Enoxaparin was discontinued. He received low-dose aspirin for total course 15 months. His thrombophilia work up was unremarkable. Anemia which is one of the supplementary criteria for atypical Kawasaki disease should be properly evaluated for the cause. The study to find the association between iron deficiency anemia, which was reported as a risk for thromboembolic events, and severity of Kawasaki disease should be further investigated.
Author Disclosures: R. Natesirinilkul: 1. Employment; Significant; Dr.Rungrote Natesirinilkul is a Baxter’s Thrombosis/Hemostasis Program at the Hospital for Sick Children, who received 35,750 CAD/year. P. Charoenkwan: None. R. Sittiwangkul: None. S. Silvilairat: None. Y. Prongpot: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.