Abstract 144: Lung Parenchymal Consolidation during typical Kawasaki Disease
Introduction: Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic vasculitis of childhood throughout the body. We report a patient who complicated by severe pneumonia of lung parenchymal consolidation (LPC) during typical KD clinical course.
Case reports: A 7-yr-old male who had a past history of KD at 3-yr-old, visited a general practitioner with fever, sore throat and neck pain. Three days later, after being treated with CTRX/TBPMPI, he was transferred to our hospital because of bilateral lymph nodes swelling and a generalized erythema and rash.
On admission he was still febrile and had bilateral conjunctival injections, cervical and axillary lymphadenopathy and markedly reddened pharynx, without edema. We diagnosed him as KD and treated him with aspirin and IVIG at a dose of 2.0g/kg, but the condition worsened; he developed dyspnea and dry cough. Crackles were noted on rt-lung auscultation, along with rt-basal dullness to percussion of the thorax.
Chest radiography and a subsequent computed tomography scan revealed disseminated patchy infiltrates and ground-glass alterations with massive pleural effusions on rt-lung, and enlarged axillary and mediastinal lymph nodes.
Some kinds of microbiology (including Mycoplasma) and virology (Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, parvovirus B19), from all sampled sites (pleural effusion, blood, pharyngeal swab and cerebrospinal fluid), were negative for pathogenic specimens.
So we treated him as intractable KD with second-IVIG and m-PSL, which led to the quick resolution of fever and progressive amelioration of pneumonia. Echocardiography showed normal ventricular size and function without coronary artery lesion (CAL). Thereafter, he was finally afebrile. At the first follow-up visit, 1 month after discharge, he had fully recovered. Clinically, echocardiographically and radiographically, no residues were noted.
Conclusion: Several manifestations of broncho-pulmonary involvement in KD have been described. But there are very few case of LPC. We should consider the possibility that LPC were secondary to pulmonary arteritis.
Author Disclosures: S. Sato: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.