Abstract P391: Metabolic Syndrome Does Not Associate with an Increase Mortality in End Stage Renal Disease Patients: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Background: Metabolic syndrome (Mets) is documented to increase mortality in the general population. However, there are reports of lower mortality in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients with obesity. We conducted a meta-analysis to determine the association of all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, and residual renal function with Mets in ESRD subjects.
Objectives: PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL from their inception to September 2014 were comprehensively searched for eligible studies assessing the effects of the metabolic syndrome in ESRD subjects. Inclusion criterion was ESRD participants who had hemodialysis (HD or peritoneal dialysis (PD). Renal transplant subjects were excluded. Two authors independently assessed article quality and extracted the data. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality and secondary outcomes were CVD death and residual renal function.
Results: From 23 full-text articles, 7 studies involving 613 (all-cause mortality), 284 (CVD death) and 383 (residual renal function) participants were included in the meta-analysis that was based on the random effects model. Compared with the non-Mets, ESRD subjects with Mets had no significant difference in risk of all-cause mortality (pooled odds ratio= 1.65; 95% CI, 0.86, 3.17) (figure 1) or CVD death (pooled odds ratio= 1.67; 95% CI, 0.75, 3.69). There was also no difference in residual renal function between the two groups with pooled standard mean difference of -0.26 ml/min/1.73 m2 (95% CI: -0.62, 0.10).
Conclusion: Metabolic syndrome is not associated with an increased risk of all-cause or CVD mortality in ESRD patients who underwent HD or PD.
Author Disclosures: S. Upala: None. A. Sanguankeo: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.