Abstract P382: Fried Food Consumption is Associated with a Higher Risk of Heart Failure among US Male Physicians
Background: While previous studies have reported a positive relation of fried food consumption with type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and obesity, no previous study has examined the relation of total fried food intake with risk of heart failure (HF) in a prospective cohort.
Objective: To test the hypothesis that fried food consumption is positively associated with risk of HF in male physicians.
Methods: A prospective cohort of 19,968 participants from the Physicians’ Health Study. Frequency of fried food consumption was assessed between 1999 and 2002 using a food frequency questionnaire and HF was ascertained through annual follow-up questionnaires with validation in a subsample. We used Cox regression to estimate multivariable adjusted hazard ratios of HF.
Results: During a median follow-up of 10.6 years, 862 cases of HF occurred. The mean age at baseline was 66.4 ± 9.2 years. Median frequency of fried food consumption was <1 time per week. Multivariable adjusted hazard ratios (95% CI) were: 1.0 (ref), 1.18 (1.01-1.37), 1.25 (1.02-1.54), and 1.68 (1.19-2.36) for fried food consumption of <1/week, 1-3/week, 4-6/week, and 7+/week, respectively (p for linear trend: 0.0004), after adjustment for age, alcohol use, smoking, exercise, and history of myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass graph or angioplasty (Fig). Additional adjustment of total trans fats did not alter the findings. In a secondary analysis, body mass index did not modify the relation of fried foods with HF risk.
Conclusions: Our data show a positive association between fried food intake and risk of HF in US male physicians.
Author Disclosures: L. Djousse: None. A. Petrone: None. J.M. Gaziano: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.