Abstract P380: Coronary Artery Disease Extent is Predictive of Heart Failure Incidence After Myocardial Infarction
Background: Little is known about the association between coronary artery disease (CAD) and the risk of heart failure (HF) after myocardial infarction (MI), and whether it differs by reduced (HFrEF) or preserved (HFpEF) ejection fraction (EF) has yet to be determined.
Subjects and Methods: Olmsted County, Minnesota residents (n=1,924; mean age, 64 years; 66% male) with first MI diagnosed in 1990-2010 and no prior HF were followed through 2013. Framingham Heart Study criteria were used to define HF, which was further classified according to EF (applying a 50% cutoff). The extent of angiographic CAD was defined at index MI according to the number of major epicardial coronary arteries with ≥50% lumen diameter obstruction. Fine & Gray and Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to assess the association of CAD categories with incidence of HF, and multiple imputation methodology was applied to account for the 19% with missing EF data.
Results: During a mean (SD) follow-up of 6.7 (5.9) years, 594 patients developed HF. Adjusted for age and sex, with death considered a competing risk, the cumulative incidence rates of HF among patients with 1- (n=581), 2- (n=622), and 3-vessel disease (n=721) were 11.2%, 14.6% and 20.5% at 30 days; and 18.1%, 22.3% and 29.4% at 5 years after MI, respectively. The increased risk of HF with greater number of occluded vessels was only modestly attenuated after further adjustment for patient and MI characteristics, and did not differ materially by EF (Table).
Conclusions: The extent of angiographic CAD expressed by the number of diseased vessels is independently associated with HF incidence after MI. The association is evident promptly after MI and applies to both HFrEF and HFpEF.
Author Disclosures: Y. Gerber: None. S.A. Weston: None. M.E. Sarano: None. S.M. Manemann: None. A.M. Chamberlain: None. R. Jiang: None. V.L. Roger: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.