Abstract P272: Engaging in Any Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity (MVPA) is Associated with a Lower Risk of Mild and Moderate to Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)
Background: Duration and intensity of physical activity are inversely associated with risk of sleep-disordered breathing, including obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which is in turn associated with higher risk of cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. However, little is known about physical activity patterns, based on the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (PAG), in relation to OSA among Hispanic/Latinos. We examined the association of mild and moderate to severe OSA (apnea-hypopnea index [AHI]≥5 and ≥15, respectively) with participation in recommended amounts, based on the 2008 PAG for moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and vigorous physical activity (VPA), of MVPA (≥150 minutes/week) and VPA (≥75 minutes/week), among Hispanic/Latino adults.
Methods: We used data from 14,206 self-identified Hispanic/Latino adults, ages 18 to 74 years from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), a cross-sectional, multicenter community-based cohort study of chronic disease risk factors, to examine the association of physical activity with OSA. Survey logistic regression analysis was used to compute odds ratios [OR] and 95% confidence intervals [CI], with models adjusted for age, sex, education, Hispanic/Latino background group, smoking status, acculturation, and body mass index.
Results: Relative to being inactive, engaging in some MVPA (>0 to <150 minutes/week) or meeting current guidelines for MVPA were associated with a lower risk of both mild OSA (ORs and 95% CI were 0.71 [0.61-0.82] and 0.76, [0.64-0.91], respectively), as well as moderate to severe OSA (ORs, 95% CI were 0.75 [0.62-0.91] and 0.75 [0.59, 0.96], respectively) (Table).
Conclusions: These findings suggest that engaging in any physical activity, relative to being inactive, is associated with lower risk of OSA.
Author Disclosures: R. Murillo: None. K.J. Reid: None. J. Cai: None. M.D. Gellman: None. N.M. Gotman: None. D.X. Marquez: None. F.J. Penedo: None. A.R. Ramos: None. P.C. Zee: None. M.L. Daviglus: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.