Abstract P196: Bidirectional Association Between Hypertension and Gout: The Singapore Chinese Health Study
Introduction: Although it has been hypothesized that the hypertension-gout relation is bidirectional, few studies have addressed this hypothesis in a prospective setting, particularly in the Asian populations.
Methods: We analyzed data from the Singapore Chinese Health Study (SCHS), a cohort of 63,257 Chinese aged 45-74 years at recruitment from 1993-98. The information about self reports of physician-diagnosed hypertension and gout was enquired at follow-ups I (1999-2004) and II (2006-2010). We included participants with complete data for both follow-ups and who were free of heart disease, stroke and cancer at follow-up I. For the analysis of hypertension and risk of incident gout, participants with prevalent gout were further excluded and the final analysis included 31,694 participants. For the analysis of gout and risk of incident hypertension, participants with prevalent hypertension were further excluded and the final analysis included 20,490 participants. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate multivariable-adjusted relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) with adjustment for age, sex, years of interview, dialect group, education, smoking status, alcohol intake, physical activity, body mass index (BMI) and history of diabetes.
Results: The mean age of the participants at baseline was 60.1 (SD 7.3) years, and the average follow-up year was 6.8 (SD 1.4) years. In the analysis of hypertension and risk of gout, 836 incident cases were identified. Compared to normotensive participants, hypertensive patients had a 93% increased risk of developing gout (RR 1.93; 95% CI 1.66-2.24). The association was slightly stronger in women (RR 2.09; 95% CI 1.69-2.58) compared to men (RR 1.72; 95% CI 1.39-2.14; P for interaction=0.056). The association was also stronger in normal weight adults (BMI <24 kg/m2; RR 2.25; 95% CI 1.82-2.77) compared to overweight/obese individuals (BMI ≥24 kg/m2; RR 1.66; 95% CI 1.34-2.04; P for interaction=0.03). In the parallel analysis of gout and risk of hypertension, 5491 participants reported to have newly diagnosed hypertension during the follow-up. Compared to participants without gout, those with gout had a 17% increased risk of developing hypertension (RR 1.17; 95% CI 1.01-1.35). The association was evident in men (RR 1.29; 95% CI 1.07-1.55) but not in women (RR 0.94; 95% CI 0.73-1.20; P for interaction=0.03). The association was present in normal weight adults (RR 1.34; 95% CI 1.09-1.64) but not among overweight/obese individuals (RR 0.99; 95% CI 0.80-1.23; P for interaction=0.03).
Conclusions: Our results provide compelling evidence that the hypertension-gout association is bidirectional in Chinese population. The potential interactions of the bidirectional association with sex and obesity deserve further investigations.
Author Disclosures: A. Pan: None. G. Teng: None. J. Yuan: None. W. Koh: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.