Abstract P071: How to Get a Better Night’s Sleep: Be Active and Reduce Sedentary Behaviour
Background: Approximately 40% of the population reports sleep problems such as poor quality sleep and insufficient sleep duration. Physical activity (PA) can help improve sleep, but data on whether PA intensity or duration is most strongly associated with sleep are lacking. In addition, given that sedentary behaviour (e.g., TV, computer use) is distinct from physical inactivity, the association between sedentary behaviour and sleep in young adults needs to be characterized.
Objective: To describe the relationships between sleep quality and sleep duration and (1) frequency and duration of light, moderate, and vigorous PA, and (2) different types of sedentary behaviours (TV, computer, reading) in young adults.
Methods: Self-report data for 658 participants were from the 22nd wave of the Nicotine Dependence in Teens (NDIT) cohort study (mean age=24.0 years, 46% male [300 of 658]). PA measures assessed frequency (number of days) and minutes of light, moderate and vigorous PA in the past week. Sedentary measures assessed number of hours spent reading, watching TV, and using the computer per day. Sleep measures included (1) the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) which assessed seven dimensions of sleep (daytime dysfunction, disturbances, duration, efficiency, latency, quality, use of sleeping medications), (2) general sleep quality, and (3) sleep duration in the past month. General sleep quality and sleep duration were two separate additional measures distinct from similar PSQI items (r=0.73 between general sleep quality and PSQI score; r=0.69 between sleep duration and PSQI score). Data were analyzed using multiple linear regression. Due to evidence of non-normality the PSQI score was log-transformed.
Results: Controlling for age, sex, and maternal education, each additional day of light or vigorous PA was associated with 3 minutes less sleep per night (p<0.05). Each additional 10 minutes of moderate PA was associated with greater general sleep quality (β=0.004, p=0.04). TV was associated with a poorer PSQI score (β=0.01, p<0.05) and each additional hour of reading was associated with 2 minutes less sleep per night (p=0.04). Computer use was associated with a poorer PSQI score (β=0.02, p=0.005) and poorer sleep quality (β=-0.02, p=0.05). Results were similar when sedentary and PA measures were included in the same model. The inclusion of body mass index, self-rated mental and general health, and stress did not affect the results and were omitted from the final models.
Conclusion: PA and sedentary behaviours are independently associated with sleep duration and quality. Sedentary behaviours are associated with poorer sleep duration and quality. In contrast, PA frequency may decrease sleep duration while PA duration may improve sleep quality. Clinicians who treat sleep problems in young adults may need to take PA and sedentary behavior into account in treatment plans.
Author Disclosures: L. Kakinami: None. E.K. O'Loughlin: None. J. Brunet: None. E.N. Dugas: None. C. Sabiston: None. J.L. O'Loughlin: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.