Abstract P068: Obstructive Sleep Apnea is Associated with an Increase Risk of Osteoporosis
Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is thought to be a systemic disease and has been associated with many disorders such as metabolic, endocrine, and especially cardiovascular diseases. One of the consequences of OSA is hypoxia, which can lead to a reduction in growth of osteoblast and a stimulation of osteoclast. Our meta-analysis was conducted to determine the risk of osteoporosis in patients with OSA compared to controls.
Objectives: Eligible studies assessing the effects of obstructive sleep apnea on osteoporosis risk were comprehensively searched in PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL from their inception to September 2014. Two authors independently assessed article quality and extracted the data. Primary outcome were number of participants, prevalence, or risk ratio of osteoporosis in OSA and controls.
Results: From 40 full-text articles, 3 studies involving 113,090 participants were included in the meta-analysis that were based on the random effects model. Compared with controls, participants who were diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea had increased risk of osteoporosis (pooled risks ratio, 1.85; 95% CI, 1.34, 2.56).
Conclusion: Patients with OSA had a higher risk of developing osteoporosis. Further study is needed to evaluate the possible mechanisms between these two conditions and to find potential treatment for OSA that could prevent osteoporosis.
Author Disclosures: A. Sanguankeo: None. S. Upala: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.