Abstract P041: Relations of Three Types of Low Carbohydrate Diet to Cardiometabolic Risk Factors and C-Reactive Protein: The INTERLIPID Study
Introduction: Sizable numbers of people have tried low carbohydrate diets (LCD) of varied types; data are sparse on effects on cardiometabolic risk factors with different types of LCD.
Hypothesis: We assessed the hypothesis that relationships of LCD score to cardiometabolic risk factors and an inflammatory marker, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP), are different among usual, animal-based, and plant-based LCD.
Methods: We assessed serum concentrations of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP), and nutrient intakes by standardized methods in men and women ages 40 to 59 years from four population samples of Japanese in Japan (553 men and 544 women, combined). For people consuming usual, animal-based, and plant-based LCDs, we calculated LCD scores, based on relative level of fat, protein, and carbohydrate, by modifying the methods of Halton, et al. Instead of calculating scores based on animal or vegetable fat, we used saturated fatty acids (SFA) or monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) +polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). Multiple linear regression analyses were used to examine relations of LCD scores to log-CRP and cardiometabolic risk factors.
Results: In multivariate regression analyses with adjustment for site, age, sex, BMI, smoking, alcohol intake, physical activity, years of education, and Keys dietary lipid score, all three LCD scores were significantly directly related to HDLc (all Ps<0.001), but not to LDLc. The plant-based LCD score was significantly inversely related to log-CRP (coefficient=-0.011, P=0.017).
Conclusions: All three LCD scores were significantly directly related to HDLc, but not to LDLc. The plant-based LCD score, associated with higher PUFA and lower SFA and dietary cholesterol in comparison with the other two LCD scores, was significantly inversely related to log-CRP.
Author Disclosures: Y. Nakamura: None. H. Ueshima: None. N. Okuda: None. K. Miura: None. Y. Kita: None. N. Miyagawa: None. K. Yoshita: None. H. Nakagawa: None. K. Sakata: None. S. Saitoh: None. T. Okamura: None. A. Okayama: None. S.R. Choudhry: None. B. Rodriguez: None. K.H. Masaki: None. Q. Chan: None. J. Stamler: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.