Abstract 43: Association of Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 with Prevalent and Incident Obesity is Independent of Inflammatory Markers: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)
Background: In experimental animal models, deficiency of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) protects against development of obesity. In addition, elevated circulating levels of PAI-1 are associated in cross-sectional studies with prevalent obesity in humans. However, no studies have investigated the prospective association between PAI-1 and incident obesity.
Methods: Plasma PAI-1 levels were measured in a random sample of men and women at baseline (2000-2002) in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Obesity was defined as body mass index (BMI) > 30kg/m2. Incident obesity was identified at four follow-up exams (2002-2011) among those who were not obese at baseline. Logistic regression was used to examine the odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of prevalent obesity at baseline. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) for time to incident obesity. The covariates used for adjustment included baseline demographics (age, race, sex, center), lifestyle risk factors (physical activity, dietary energy intake, smoking status, alcohol consumption, education), and inflammatory markers (CRP and IL-6).
Results: In 839 participants mean age was 59 years old; 59% and 47% of the cohort were female and white, respectively. At baseline, each standard deviation (SD) increase in log(PAI-1) level was associated with an odds ratio (OR) for adjusted prevalent obesity of 2.70 (95% CI: 2.21 - 3.30, p<0.001. This association remained significant after further adjustment for IL-6 and CRP with OR 2.39 (95% CI: 1.94-2.94, p<0.001). Over a median follow-up of 8.5 years, 16% of participants developed obesity. The multivariable adjusted hazard ratio for incident obesity was 1.36 (95% CI 1.09-1.69, p<0.001) per 1 SD increase in log(PAI-1). (Table).
Conclusions: Elevated PAI-1 levels are associated with prevalent and incident obesity. These findings are consistent with results from murine studies and provide evidence suggesting a potential role of PAI-1 in the pathogenesis of obesity.
Author Disclosures: S.S. Khan: None. D.M. Lloyd-Jones: None. C. Chan: None. K. Liu: None. M. Cushman: None. B. Kestenbaum: None. J. Ix: None. I. De Boer: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.