Abstract 97: Identification of Layperson CPR Trainees Who Subsequently Perform CPR Training of Family Members Using Video Self-Instructional Kits
Introduction: Video self-instruction (VSI) CPR training kits are a validated means to train individuals and facilitate trainees’ sharing of education materials with others. Prior work evaluating the sharing of kits by trainees (“secondary training”), have focused on estimating the multiplier effect (average number of individuals trained per kit distributed). Little work has been done to identify characteristics associated with individuals who share CPR kits with others, an important issue for real-world implementation of CPR training programs.
Objective: We sought to define which CPR trainees will subsequently perform secondary training to others. Based on preliminary work, we hypothesized that younger and female trainees are more likely to share their new CPR knowledge.
Methods: As a secondary analysis in an ongoing multicenter CPR training study, cardiac patient caregivers trained in CPR via VSI were asked if they shared their instructional materials. Those who reported sharing VSI kits were asked additional questions designed to assess the multiplier effect and motivation to share the materials. Summary statistics, student’s t and chi square tests were calculated. Logistic regression was used to control for confounding.
Results: Subjects were trained from 02/2012 to 05/2014. Of 487 eligible subjects, 269 reported sharing their VSI kits, while 218 did not. Subjects shared their materials with 1011 individuals, for an average of 3.8 (sd=6.0) people secondarily trained per initial subject; 71% reported sharing within 4 weeks of initial training. Those who were elderly (>62 years old) had a 0.6±0.2 (95% CI: 0.4-0.9) decreased odds of sharing CPR kits (p=0.03) compared to younger individuals. Subjects who were black had a 1.5±0.3 (95%CI: 1.1-2.3) increased odds of sharing CPR kits compared to whites (p=0.04). Sharing did not vary statistically based on gender or education. Of those secondarily trained, 83% were family members, and 87% of the instruction occurred in the home environment.
Conclusions: We found that CPR kits were most commonly shared by initially trained subjects who were black and non-elderly. This has broad implications for CPR training strategies and may inform the design of future educational initiatives to maximize family training.
Author Disclosures: A.L. Blewer: Ownership Interest; Modest; Resuscor LLC. A.K. Agarwal: None. D.J. Ikeda: None. D.G. Buckler: None. L.J. DiTaranti: None. J. Kurtz: None. M. Leary: Ownership Interest; Modest; Resuscor LLC. Research Grant; Significant; AHA. B.S. Abella: Research Grant; Significant; NHLBI, Philips, Medtronic, HeartSine. Honoraria; Modest; Stryker, Medivance. Ownership Interest; Modest; Resuscor LLC. Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Velomedix, Stryker.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.