Abstract 9391: Artery Cell Contraction Regulated by ROS and NO Balance Directly Visualized by in vivo Multi-Photon Imaging Technique
Aim: The blood pressure is regulated dynamically by arterial wall tensions in vivo, but the previous methods did not clarify their detailed mechanisms in living animals due to the lack of visualization technique. Thus we aimed to visualize cell kinetics during artery contractions processes by combining in vivo multi-photon imaging and photochemical reaction technique by laser injuries.
Methods: We recently developed the in vivo fluorescent imaging technique based on two photon microscopy, which enabled us to directly visualize the femoral artery in living animals. In addition, by combining with the visualization technique with laser induced injury models, we could visualize transient artery contraction in response to ROS (Figure a).
Results: We induced transient relaxation and following contractions stimulated by ROS production inside the artery. First relaxation was regulated by eNOS. And, ROS and NO production was counter-balanced in artery contraction phases, which was directly confirmed by fluorescent indicators (Figure b and c). As for the molecular mechanisms, we confirmed that this contraction is via PKC and NADPH signaling. The contraction was inhibited by Ca blocker, isosorbide, sildenafile, and angiotension II blockers administrations.
In addition, by treating the artery with CaCl solution, the aneurysm formation can be induced and visualized. In the early phase, the hyper-responsiveness of artery wall, and transient thrombus formation was observed. In the later, the wall was stiffened, collagen contents were increased, and aneurysm was observed in last.
Conclusions: These results indicated the ROS and NO counter balances dynamically regulate artery contractions. eNOS also contributed to these contractions, and imaging can visualize various dynamic signaling. .In sum, our imaging system can be a powerful tool to analyze the molecular mechanisms of hypertension and artery aneurysm.
Author Disclosures: S. Nishimura: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.