Abstract 235: Emergent PCI Is Associated with Good Neurological Outcome After OHCA
Background: Previous observational studies have demonstrated that outcomes after OHCA can be significantly improved with therapies such as mild therapeutic hypothermia and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, the optimal candidate and timing for PCI in OHCA remains unknown. This study aimed to assess the impact of emergent PCI on survival and neurological outcome after OHCA.
Methods: This is a prospective observational study from a statewide OHCA database in Arizona. Patients included were greater than 18 years old who received CPR and were admitted to one of 34 recognized cardiac receiving centers. Patients who did not achieve ROSC, died within 2 hours of hospital arrival, and DNAR patients were excluded since the likelihood of PCI impacting outcome in these patients is questionable. An in-hospital post-arrest database, including PCI (Y/N), was linked with an Utstein-style OHCA database. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were utilized to assess the association between PCI and survival to hospital discharge and neurological outcome.
Results: During this study period (1-1-2011-12-31-2013), there were a total of 6,543 adult OHCA patients. After exclusions, 782 patients with suspected cardiac etiology OHCA were analyzed. The median age of patients was 64.0 years (Q1:54.0, Q3:73.0) and 70.2% were male. Among them 458 (58.6%) and 238 (30.4%) patients underwent the emergency coronary angiogram (CAG), and Primary PCI, respectively. Among PCI patients, the rate of survival to hospital discharge was 75.2%, vs. 60.4% for those without PCI (p<0.001) and good cerebral outcome (CPC 1-2) was found in 67.6%, vs. 44.3% of those without PCI (p<0.001). After adjusting for age, gender, initial rhythm, bystander CPR, and hypothermia, the Odds Ratio was 1.2 (95% CI:0.8-1.8) for survival and 2.8 (95% CI:1.5-5.1) for good neurologic outcome (CPC 1-2) among PCI patients.
Conclusion: This study shows an association with emergent PCI and good neurologic outcome after OHCA. Further study is necessary to determine a potential causal relationship between PCI and outcome.
Author Disclosures: H. Ryoo: None. V. Chikani: None. M. Mullins: None. T. Vadeboncoeur: None. T. Irisawa: None. D. Spaite: Research Grant; Significant; Medtronic Foundation. B. Bobrow: Research Grant; Significant; Medtronic Foundation.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.