Abstract 219: Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in Vienna 2014
Background: Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) and especially the out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is always an urgent situation, which requires well trained medical personnel. The emergency medical system (EMS) in Vienna took part in the Circulation Improving Care (CIRC) trial form 2008 to 2010. In this time they had an additional training. Therefore we revaluated the outcome of OHCA nowadays.
Method: Interim report of a prospective observational study of all humans over eighteen, who suffer an OHCA resuscitated by the EMS in Vienna from August 2013 - April 2014. For those patients, who survived 30 days, a cerebral performance category score (CPC) was evaluated.
Results: During nine months 701 patients could be investigated and 625 achieved the protocol for this trial. The median age of the patients was 68 years (IQR 59-79) and 399 (64%) were male. Witnessed by bystanders was the cardiac arrest in 359 (57%) patients. In the latter patients restoration of spontaneous circulation (n=223, 36%)(ROSC) and 30 day survival (n=166, 27%) was significantly more often achieved than in patients with non-witnessed cardiac arrest. Bystanders provided chest compressions in 284 (45%) cases and in this subgroup a shockable initial rhythm was more often (p<0.0001). Still in 189 (53%) of the patients where the cardiac arrest was witnessed, bystander resuscitation wasn′t attempted. An initial shockable rhythm was found in 146 (24%) patients with significant better outcome in all primary outcome measures. Of the 62 (10%) 30-days-survivors, 33 (6%) had good neurological outcome with a CPC 1-2.In 12 (2%) cases the CPC was missing.
Conclusion: The results are comparable to findings of our previous studies. A significant better result in all primary outcome measures could be found for witnessed OHCA with an initial shockable rhythm. Furthermore those patients with bystander CPR had significant more often a shockable initial rhythm. Therefore more efforts have to be invested into encouraging the community to start with a bystander CPR if an OHCA is witnessed.
Author Disclosures: M. Keferböck: None. P. Datler: Employment; Modest; Department of Emergency Medicine. M. Krammel: Employment; Significant; Dep. of Anaesthesia, General Intnsive Care and Pain Managment. E. Lobmeyer: None. A. Nürnberger: Employment; Modest; Department of Emergency Medicine. M. Poppe: None. P. Sulzgruber: Employment; Modest; epartment of Medicine II. R. Van Tulder: Employment; Significant; department of emergency medicine. S. Zeiner: Employment; Modest; Department of Emergency Medicine. F. Sterz: Employment; Significant; department of emergency medicine.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.