Abstract 20699: GMP-Grade Cardiomyocyte Differentiation Media System for Pluripotent Stem Cells in Basic and Translational Research
Objective: Current protocols for differentiating pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) have led to heterogeneous results, varying purity levels, and long lead times for generation of cardiomyocytes. We hypothesized that a simplified and rapid cardiomyocyte differentiation media system can be developed in a scalable workflow to enable generation of large numbers of consistent, spontaneously active cardiomyocytes that could be used in basic and translational research.
Methods: High quality PSCs were maintained under xenofree, feeder-free culture conditions. At time of passaging, PSC were dissociated with 0.5 mM EDTA, seeded on 1:100 Geltrex©-coated surface as small clusters at ~0.5 to 1 x 105/well of a 12-well plate and maintained for four days under serum-free condition. After reaching target confluence of ~60 to 80%, an induction media was added for two days followed by addition of a second induction media for two days. After the induction step, the media was replaced with maintenance media and re-fed every other day for up to five weeks. PSC-derived cardiomyocytes were analyzed by morphology, gene expression, flow cytometry, immunocytochemistry and multi-electrode array (MEA).
Results: We observed individual beating cells by Day 7 and contracting syncytia by Day 10. An over 100 fold increase in cell number was noted from the time of plating to generation of contracting syncytia of cardiomyocytes. Quantitative flow cytometry detected populations of troponin T type 2 (TNNT2)-immunoreactive cells that reached as high as 96.6%. Number of TNNT2-positive cells dropped by 20% when induced at 90% versus 60% confluency. PCR studies confirmed expression of mesoderm (T, MIXL1, MESP1), cardiac mesoderm (ISL1, GATA4, MEF2C) and mature cardiomyocyte genes (NKX2.5, TNNT2, MYH6). Immunocytochemistry studies verified expression of cardiac markers NKX2.5,GATA4, MEF2C, TNNT2 and MYH6. Initial MEA studies corroborated the presence of electrically active cells.
Conclusions: We conclude that a simplified complete differentiation media system could serve as a standardized culture system for generating large numbers of consistent, spontaneously active cardiomyocytes for basic and translational research studies.
Author Disclosures: S. Boucher: Employment; Significant; Employed by Thermo Fisher. S. Jones: Employment; Significant; Employed by Thermo Fisher. D. Kuninger: Employment; Significant; Employed by Thermo Fisher. M. Vemuri: Employment; Significant; Employed by Thermo Fisher.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.