Abstract 20364: Successful Ablation of Ventricular Fibrillation in Malignant Bileaflet Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome
Introduction: Although the vast majority of mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is benign, women with bileaflet MVP (biMVP), complex ventricular ectopy (VE), and abnormal T waves may comprise the recently described malignant biMVP syndrome. The mechanism of ventricular arrhythmia is unknown. To further characterize the arrhythmic substrate, we reviewed our center’s ablation experience in 6 biMVP patients with prior cardiac arrest and recurrent ICD shocks for drug refractory ventricular fibrillation (VF).
Methods and Results: Six women with biMVP (median age 31.5 [range 24.2 - 58.7] years, EF 65 [45 - 67]%, all ≤moderate mitral regurgitation) experienced 6 (3 - 25) appropriate ICD shocks over 4.8 (2.8 - 10.7) years and underwent index ablation between 2/2007 - 10/2013. All had multiple VE morphologies (median 7 [3 - 24]) with variable coupling intervals but with a predominant VE trigger for the VF. A median 2 (1 - 4) VE foci were ablated. Sites of successful ablation of VF-triggering and other dominant VE were left ventricular papillary muscles [PM] (1 anterior, 1 posterior, 1 both), fascicles (1 anterior, 1 posterior), or both (1 both PM and posterior fascicle). Outflow tract VE was also present and targeted (1 left, 1 right)i. Two underwent repeat ablation (288 and 312 days) for recurrent complex VE without shocks, with different foci to the index ablation (1 posterior fascicle, 1 both fascicles). The VF-triggering VE in all patients was confirmed as originating from within the left fascicular system, which in 3/6 was at a papillary muscle. Acute procedural success was seen in all with no complications to date. A VF storm occurred within 24 hours of ablation in a single patient. At follow-up of a mean 662 (47 - 2099) days, 1 patient received a single shock (p=0.03 vs. preablation). Symptomatic VE was reduced in all; while 3/6 continue Class 1c antiarrhythmics and 5/6 have beta blockade.
Conclusion: Malignant biMVP syndrome is characterized by fascicular and papillary muscle PVCs that trigger ventricular fibrillation, yet in all patients, the VE is multifocal. Ablation of at least one focus appears to improve symptoms and reduce shocks.
- Ventricular arrhythmia
- Mitral valve disease
- Ablation, radiofrequency
- Sudden cardiac death
Author Disclosures: F.F. Syed: None. P. Noseworthy: None. C. McLeod: None. S. Kapa: None. S. Mulpuru: None. C. Sriram: None. B. Cannon: Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Medtronic. S. Asirvatham: Honoraria; Modest; Abiomed, Atricure, Biotronik, Biosense Webster, Boston Scientific, Medtronic, Spectranetics, St. Jude, Sanofi-Aventis, Wolters Kluwer, Elsevier. Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Abiomed, Atricure, Biotronik, Biosense Webster, Boston Scientific, Medtronic, Spectranetics, St. Jude, Sanofi-Aventis, Wolters Kluwer, Elsevier. Other; Modest; Royalties: Aegis, Nevro, ATP, Sanovas, Sorin Medical. M. Ackerman: Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; – Boston Scientific, Gilead Sciences, Medtronic, and St. Jude Medical. Other; Significant; Royalties: Transgenomic.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.