Abstract 20360: MRI Assessment of Diastolic and Systolic Intraventricular Pressure Gradients in Heart Failure
Background: Non-invasive assessment of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function is an important goal to better understand physiologic abnormalities in heart failure. The spatiotemporal pattern of LV blood flow velocities during early filling can be used to estimate intraventricular pressure gradients driving early filling. MRI can provide accurate flow velocity information in the LV, but this method has not been exploited to assess diastolic function in heart failure (HF).
Aim: To assess differences in intraventricular pressure gradients in heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFREF), compared to subjects without HF.
Methods: We studied 23 subjects without HF, 13 subjects with HFREF and 14 subjects with HFPEF. Intraventricular flow during diastole was measured using 2D in-plane phase-contrast MRI. We solved the Eulier equations to compute intraventricular pressure gradients during LV early filling (figure) and during ejection.
Results: Whereas the initial velocity of wave propagation (was not significantly different between the groups, the terminal diastolic propagation velocity during early diastolic filling was significantly slower (P=0.004) in HFREF (5.2 m/s; 95%CI=3.9-6.8) than in patients with HFPEF (9.5; 95%CI=6.6-13.6) or subjects without HF (8.9; 95%CI=7.3-10.7). In contrast, HFPEF was associated with a greater amplitude of the reversal of the base-to-apex intraventricular pressure gradient during early filling (β=-0.34; P=0.04), which was driven by the inertial component.
Conclusions: HFPEF and HFREF are associated with distinct patterns of intraventricular pressure gradient abnormalities during early diastolic filling. Our findings support fundamental differences in the nature of diastolic dysfunction in these 2 conditions.
Author Disclosures: F.J. Londoño: None. P. Segers: None. P. Shiva kumar: None. P. Konda: None. P. Zamani: None. R. Bhuva: None. A. Dunde: None. V. Ferrari: None. J.A. Chirinos: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.