Abstract 20188: The Effect of Disclosing Genetic Risk for Coronary Heart Disease on Perceived Personal Control and Genetic Counseling Satisfaction: The MI-GENES Study
Background: Perceived personal control (PPC) represents the belief that a person can alter his/her own situation or state. Higher PPC has been associated with increased health-related quality of life and helps facilitate healthy behavioral changes. We investigated whether disclosure of coronary heart disease (CHD) genetic risk influences PPC and genetic counseling satisfaction (GCS) in the myocardial infarction genes (MI-GENES) study, a randomized controlled trial of disclosing genetic risk of CHD.
Methods: Participants (40-65 year-old, at intermediate 10-year CHD risk, and not on statins) were randomized to receive estimated 10-year risk of CHD based on their Framingham Risk Score (FRS) or FRS plus a 28 SNP genetic risk score (FRS*GRS). CHD risk was disclosed in each arm by a genetic counselor during a 30-minute scripted session that included a discussion of the impact of family history on CHD risk. For FRS*GRS participants, the genetic counselor also reviewed how their genetic risk score altered their FRS. Each participant then met with a physician to engage in shared-decision making regarding the need for statin therapy. Afterwards, study participants were asked to complete validated surveys to assess PPC and GCS. The 9-item PPC questionnaire was scored 0-9, with higher scores indicating greater control beliefs. The 5-item GCS questionnaire was scored 0-10, with greater scores indicating greater satisfaction with the disclosure session.
Results: 207 patients (mean age 58.8±5 years, 46.7% males) were randomized to receive either FRS or FRS*GRS. Patients randomized to receive FRS*GRS had higher PPC compared to FRS although the absolute difference was small (8.85±0.77 vs. 8.54±1.31, P=0.016). Patients randomized to receive FRS*GRS also had a higher GCS score than FRS patients (9.08±2.67 vs. 8.3±3.67, P=0.050].
Conclusions: Disclosure of genetic risk for CHD did not adversely affect PPC or GCS. In fact, patients who received CHD genetic risk information had higher PPC and GCS. Our findings suggest that disclosure of CHD genetic risk is appreciated by patients and may empower them to improve health-related behaviors.
Author Disclosures: C.L. Robinson: None. H. Jouni: None. T.M. Kruisselbrink: None. K.D. Christensen: None. R.C. Green: None. I.J. Kullo: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.