Abstract 20172: Identifying Hospital Cardiac Services for Acute Myocardial Infarction Using Individual Patient Claims Data
Background: Hospital data on cardiac services provided is restricted to a limited number of services collected by the American Hospital Association (AHA) Survey. We developed an alternative method to identify hospital services using individual patient administrative claims data for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the Premier Database.
Methods: We first determined inpatient cardiac services relevant for AMI care from guidelines. Then, we identified these services from patient claims using ICD-9, CPT, Medicare Revenue and provider specialty codes. Additionally, Premier Chargemaster and Physician Specialty Codes were used. A hospital was classified as providing a service if they had >5 AMI patient claims for the service in the Premier database from 2009-2011. To measure the accuracy of the claims based method, we compared the percentage of hospitals that were shown to provide a service identified through the AHA survey for a subset of services identifiable from both sources.
Results: We identified 32 services relevant for AMI care that could be defined using data with inpatient claims among 476 hospitals in the Premier database (Figure). The availability of these services ranged from 100% (for services such as chest x-ray) to 1% for heart transplant service. When compared to the subset of 12 services also collected in the AHA survey, a high percentage of agreement (≥80%) was noted for 10/16 (63%) services (such as a dedicated ED, general CT, coronary angiography, PCI, ICU, pharmacist and physio/OT services). Moderate agreement was seen for one service (coronary care unit), and 5/16 (31%) services showed low agreement (≤50%) (EP testing, inpatient cardiac surgical services, inpatient cardiac rehabilitation, transplant unit, and social worker).
Conclusion: It is feasible to use claims data to determine in-hospital AMI services, but the accuracy of the method needs to be investigated further for certain services that have a low degree of agreement in our analysis.
Author Disclosures: T.E. Chang: None. S. Li: Employment; Modest; Under contract with the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services to develop and maintain performance measures. I. Ranasinghe: Employment; Modest; Under contract with the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services to develop and maintain performance measures. H. Krumholz: Research Grant; Significant; Medtronic, Johnson and Johnson. Consultant/Advisory Board; Significant; United Health Care.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.