Abstract 20144: Aortic Arch Plaque Deteriorates With Advancing Chronic Kidney Disease Stage
Introduction: The patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are likely to suffer from cardiovascular diseases as well as end stage renal disease. CKD plays a role in development of atherothrombotic stroke. In the present study, we investigated the impact of advancing CKD stage on aortic arch plaque and carotid atherosclerosis which are important causes of atherothrombotic stroke.
Methods: We enrolled 368 subjects (255 males, 66 ± 12 years) who underwent transesophageal echocardiography and carotid ultrasonography, and measured estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). We defined arch plaque as wall thickness ≥4 mm and the presence of ulceration or mobile plaque in aortic arch. The common carotid artery maximum intima-media thickness (IMT-C max) and carotid artery plaque score was used as parameters of carotid atherosclerosis.
Results: There were 31 patients with the history of atherothrombotic stroke. The eGFR correlated with IMT-C max, carotid plaque score and arch wall thickness. IMT-C max, carotid plaque score and arch wall thickness were increased with advancing CKD stage. An increase in IMT-C max was observed even in stage 2 and 3 while carotid plaque was frequently observed in stage 3b or higher. An increase in arch plaque was observed in stage 3a or higher. The patients with atherothrombotic stroke had significantly lower eGFR than those without. The prevalence of atherothrombotic stroke was increased in stage 3b or higher.
Conclusions: Aortic arch plaque and carotid plaque deteriorated with advancing chronic kidney disease stage. Aortic arch plaque and carotid plaque were observed even in early stages of CKD.
- Renal function
- Transesophageal echocardiography
- Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT)
Author Disclosures: S. Nishiyama: None. T. Watanabe: None. S. Sasaki: None. M. Wanezaki: None. G. Yamaura: None. H. Takahashi: None. T. Arimoto: None. T. Shishido: None. T. Miyamoto: None. I. Kubota: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.