Abstract 20134: Transcriptional Profiling Identifies Candidate Regulators of Neonatal Heart Regeneration
Some higher organisms, such as zebrafish and neonatal mice, are capable of complete and sufficient regeneration of the myocardium following injury, which is thought to occur primarily by proliferation of pre-existing cardiomyocytes. Although adult humans and adult mice lack this cardiac regeneration potential, there is great interest in understanding how regeneration can occur in the heart so that we can activate this process in humans suffering from heart failure. The aim of our study was to identify mechanisms by which mature, post-mitotic adult cardiomyocytes can re-enter the cell cycle to ultimately facilitate heart regeneration following injury. We derived a core transcriptional signature of injury-induced cardiomyocyte regeneration in mouse by comparing global transcriptional programs in a dynamic model of in vitro and in vivo cardiomyocyte differentiation and in an in vitro cardiomyocyte explant model, as well as a neonatal heart resection model. We identified a panel of transcription factors, growth factors, and cytokines, whose expression significantly correlated with the differentiated state of the cell in all datasets examined, suggesting that these factors play a role in regulating cardiomyocyte cell state. Furthermore, potential upstream regulators of core differentially expressed networks were identified using Ingenuity Pathway Analysis and we found that one predicted regulator, interleukin-13 (IL13), significantly induced cardiomyocyte cell cycle activity and STAT6/STAT3 signaling in vitro. siRNA knockdown experiments demonstrated that STAT3/periostin and STAT6 signaling are critical for cardiomyocyte cell cycle activity in response to IL13. These data reveal novel insights into the transcriptional regulation of mammalian heart regeneration and provide the founding circuitry for identifying potential regulators for stimulating cardiomyocyte cell cycle activity.
Author Disclosures: C. O’Meara: None. J. Wamstad: None. L. Boyer: None. R.T. Lee: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.