Abstract 20130: Permanent Pacemaker Implantation Following Heart Surgery: In-Hospital and Postoperative Retrospective Multicentre Evaluation in 1,156 Implants
Introduction: Permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation represents a potential event after cardiac surgery. However, comprehensive investigation of robust patient cohorts in this respect is unavailable.
Hypothesis: A multicenter retrospective study was undertaken to assess in-hospital and long-term postoperative outcome of a large patient population undergoing PPM soon after cardiac surgery procedures.
Methods: Among 94.693 patients submitted to cardiac surgery procedures in 16 centers from 2000 to 2013, there were 1.156 patients (1.2 %) with PPM implantation during hospitalization postoperatively. Preoperative, in-hospital, and follow-up data were collected with a common dataset and analyzed. Follow-up was performed by direct visit, and PPM dependency was assessed by electrocardiogram and pacemaker check during periodic examinations. The identification of potential predictors of PPM dependency at follow-up was evaluated with a multivariate logistic regression.
Results: Patient mean age was 69 years (range 17-92 years) and 53.4% were male. Preoperative electrocardiogram showed first degree atrio/ventricular block in 11.0% of patients, left bundle branch block in 11.1%, right bundle branch block in 11.0%, and atrial fibrillation in 22.8%, respectively. Most of the patients had had isolated aortic valve replacement (25.8%). Pacemakers were implanted after a median of 11 days after surgery. At follow-up, 43.6% of the patients did not show a PPM dependency with restoration of sinus rhythm. The multivariate logistic regression demonstrated that only preoperative right bundle branch block (p-value 0.031) and mitral valve repair (p-value 0.032) were independent risk factor for PPM dependency at follow-up.
Conclusions: More than 40% of patients with PPM implantation shortly after cardiac surgery show recovery of sinus rhythm at follow-up. Wide variability of strategies and PM implant timing are currently applied in routine practice. Refinement of current guidelines in this setting based also on predictors of permanent conduction defects postoperatively are warranted.
Author Disclosures: R. Lorusso: None. F. Barili: None. A. Miceli: None. A. Parolari: None. F. Alamanni: None. C. De Vincentiis: None. E. Aimè: None. F. Nicolini: None. T. Gherli: None. A. Colli: None. M. De Bonis: None. G. Paglino: None. P. Della Bella: None. G. Actis Dato: None. R. Casabona: None. S. Sponga: None. U. Livi: None. G. Mariscalco: None. C. Beghi: None. R. Scrofani: None. C. Antona: None. F.P. Tritto: None. G. Gerosa: None. L. Piazza: None. E. Villa: None. G. Troise: None. F. Serraino: None. A. Renzulli: None. F. Rosato: None. C. Grossi: None. D. Paparella: None. L. Amorese: None. E. Vizzardi: None. M. Solinas: None. M. Glauber: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.