Abstract 19824: Percutaneous Mitral Balloon Comissurotomy versus Surgical Comissurotomy in the Treatment of Severe Symptomatic Mitral Stenosis
Introduction: Percutaneous mitral balloon comissurotomy (PMBC) and surgical comissurotomy can be used for treatment of stage D mitral stenosis. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing PMBC and surgery have shown inconsistent results.
Hypothesis: PMBC is associated with better hemodynamic and clinical results for the treatment of stage D mitral stenosis.
Methods: Databases were searched for RCTs that compared double-balloon PMBC to surgical comissurotomy. Inclusion criteria were no left atrial clot, a favorable valve morphology and absence of significant mitral regurgitation. Clinical and hemodynamic outcomes were evaluated within short-term (less than 6 months) and long-term (over 6 months) follow up. Random-effects model was used due to anticipated heterogeneity.
Results: A total of 6 RCTs with 474 patients were included, of whom 222 (46.8%) underwent PBMC. In short-term follow up, PMBC was associated with a larger mitral valve area (MVA) compared to surgical comissurotomy (mean difference 0.41 cm2; 95% CI 0.16-0.67; p=0.002; figure 1A), but also a higher incidence of moderate to severe mitral regurgitation (MR; OR 2.63; 95% CI 1.04-6.70; p=0.04; figure 1B). Short-term symptomatic (NYHA II-IV) heart failure (p=0.40) and new MR (p=0.32), as well as long-term MVA (p=0.23), restenosis (p=0.39), symptomatic heart failure (p=0.11), new MR (p=0.64) and need for reintervention (p=0.21) were not significantly different between groups.
Conclusions: Our meta-analysis of RCTs suggests that PMBC is associated with an increased MVA as well as a higher incidence of moderate to severe MR when compared to surgery in the treatment of stage D MS. Therefore, the decision to proceed with PMBC or surgery in patients suitable for both procedures must rely on patient preferences, physician experience and risk of procedure-specific complications, such as left-to-right shunt with PMBC and wound infection/dehiscence with surgical comissurotomy.
Author Disclosures: R.N. Cardoso: None. M. Ansari: None. D. Garcia: None. E. De Marchena: None. C.E. Mendoza: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.