Abstract 19483: Assessment of Outcome in Patients With Acute Minor Ischemic Stroke Treated With Intravenous TPA
Introduction: Minor acute stroke (NIHSS≤4) within 4.5 hours from symptom onset is a common reason for withholding intravenous (iv) Thrombolysis (TPA), due to potential risk of major bleeding with such treatment and assumed good outcome without intervention. This subgroup of patients was excluded from the landmark NINDS iv tPA trial as per the prespecified protocol and also from various recent clinical trials involving acute stroke. In a recent study of patients with Rapid Improving symptoms and Minor stroke who did not receive IV tPA, 28.3% could not be discharged home and 28.5% could not ambulate independently at the time of discharge (Smith et al 2011). The efficacy of iv TPA in Minor stroke has not been previously studied.
Method: Retrospective review of consecutive patients with Minor stroke (NIHSS ≤4) arriving within 4.5 hours between January 2009-July 2013 was done. Outcome in patients who received IV TPA was compared with patients who did not receive any IV tPA. Good outcome was defined as mRS ≤2.
Results: 186 patients were identified out of which 20 received iv tPA. The baseline median NIHSS was 2 in the non-intervention group vs 3 in the intervention group (p =0.001), more cardioembolic, cryptogenic and lacunar stroke in tPA group (40% vs 35.53%, 20% vs 14.46% and 30% vs 22.89% respectively) there was no other statistically significant difference between the baseline characteristics of the two groups. Median change in NIHSS from admission to discharge was 1 for non-tPA vs 2.5 for tPA(p<0.001) and good outcome at discharge was seen in 80% patients in tPA vs 69.28% in non-tpa group (p =0.321). 8-12 week follow up data was available for 100 patients (12 tPA patients). Mean mRS was 1.34 in non-tPA vs 1 in tPA group (p=0.430)
Conclusion: Acute intervention in Minor stroke appears to be safe. We did not find any statistically significant difference in clinical outcome between the two groups; this is likely due to small sample size, short follow-up period, and other confounding factors that we cannot fully account for in a retrospective study. A prospective randomized control study is warranted to clearly delineate the effect of iv TPA in patients with Minor stroke.
Author Disclosures: S. Sharma: None. U. Afzal: None. M. Pervez: None. R. Clark: None. J.G. Latorre: None. Z. El-Zammar: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.