Abstract 19363: Migration of MicroRNAs From Cardiomyocytes to Cancer Cells Interferes With Tumor Formation in the Adult Heart
The low incidence of cardiac tumors has been attributed to tissue pressure dictated by myocardial mechanics and large coronary blood flow. These variables, however, have failed to consider the possibility that the rare occurrence of heart neoplasms may be dictated by the molecular characteristics of cardiomyocytes. We have shown that miR-1, miR-133a, and miR-499 translocate from myocytes to co-cultured MCF7 breast cancer cells, inhibiting their growth. The transfer of miRs is mediated by gap junction channels and is abolished by Cx43 and Cx45 silencing. Although these in vitro results provided important information on the inhibitory function of miRs in cell proliferation, co-culture of myocytes and cancer cells does not mimic the in vivo organization of the myocardium that allows the formation of multiple sites of coupling between myocytes and tumor cells. To reproduce, at least in part, the in vivo condition, we developed first a physiological model of organ culture. Thick vibratome-cut myocardial slices were placed on a multiwell plate containing an oxygen-saturated sponge. At 24-48 hours, the cultured tissue was viable and myocytes showed a well organized sarcomere structure. Two hours after plating of the organ slices, control MCF7 cells or MCF7 cells in which Cx43 and Cx45 were silenced (MCF7-shCx43-shCx45) were seeded on the myocardium. Control MCF7 cells showed a slower growth rate than MCF7-shCx43-shCx45 cells, a finding consistent with miR translocation and its blockade, respectively. Second, 1 x 106 MCF7 or MCF7 cells overexpressing miR-1, miR-133a, and miR-499 (MCF7-miRs) were injected subcutaneously in NOD-SCID mice; ~45 days later, the tumors developed from MCF7 cells were more than 10-fold larger and 3-fold heavier than those originated from MCF7-miRs cells. Third, these studies were complemented with the intramyocardial injection of 1 x 105 control MCF7 cells. Five weeks later, no neoplastic lesions were identified. However, when an excessive number of MCF7 cells were injected, 1 x 106, tumor formation was apparent. In conclusion, our results indicate that transfer of miR-1, miR-133a, and miR-499 from cardiomyocytes to cancer cells plays a critical role in preventing the generation of tumors in the myocardium.
Author Disclosures: L. Graciotti: None. T. Hosoda: None. F. Sanada: None. G. Borghetti: None. C. Arranto: None. F. Valeriani: None. E. Wybieralska: None. B. Ogorek: None. M. Rota: None. P. Goichberg: None. P. Anversa: None. A. Leri: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.