Abstract 19123: Elevated Growth and Differentiation Factor 15 (GDF15) Levels Predict Outcome in Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis Undergoing Tavi
Background: GDF15 belongs to the transforming growth factor superfamily and has a significant role in regulating inflammatory and apoptotic pathways. GDF15 is an emerging biomarker for risk stratification in cardiovascular disease. Here we analyze its prognostic value in patients with severe symptomatic aortic valve stenosis undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).
Methods and Results: We prospectively enrolled 217 patients undergoing TAVI (using Edwards Sapien XT prostheses) at our institution over a continuous period of 35 month (2/2011-12/2013). All patients were available for complete follow up. Clinical parameters were determined before the procedure, biomarkers (GDF15 & NTproBNP) were measured before, 3 and 7 days after TAVI.
The primary endpoint was survival time, all available prognostic factors were studied by Cox regression analysis with backward selection based on the likelihood ratio criteria.
At median follow-up of 349 d (Q1-Q3 106-660d), a total of n=66 deaths occurred. 30d mortality was 6.9%. Mean age was 81.8 years (± 6.0 y) and 55.8% were females. Mean log. Euroscore (ES) was 25.4% (± 17.2%). Median preprocedural GDF15 values were 2256 pg/ml (Q1-Q3 1585.5-3082.0). In univariate analyses, increased GDF15 levels (upper quartile compared to lower three quartiles) revealed a HR of 2.4 (CI 1.5-3.9, p<0.001) for adverse outcome. In addition, also log. ES (p= 0.001), log. ES II (p=0.018), STS-Score (p=0.019), NTproBNP (p=0.037) and atrial fibrillation (p=0.02) demonstrated statistical significance for negative outcome.
A multivariate Cox regression analysis including these factors and postprocedural aortic regurgitation, demonstrated that elevated GDF15 had a HR of 2.104 (CI 1.3-3.5; p=0.003) for negative outcome in patients undergoing TAVI, while elevated NTproBNP had HR of 1.412 (CI 0.8-2.4; p=0.212). Moreover, this analysis also revealed the log. ES as an independent risk factor (HR of 2.211, CI 1.3-3.7; p= 0.002).
Conclusion: Increased GDF15 levels are associated with a poor prognosis in patients undergoing TAVI. Furthermore, GDF15 showed to be superior to the established biomarker NTproBNP in risk stratification of patients undergoing TAVI providing additional prognostic information.
Author Disclosures: N. Krau: None. S. Freitag-Wolf: None. D. Brehm: None. R. Petzina: None. G. Lutter: None. N. Frey: None. D. Frank: Research Grant; Significant; Edwards Life Sciences.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.