Abstract 19080: Risk Stratification in Arch Surgery: When High Risk is Too High? Implications for Open or Endovascular Repair From a 15-Years Survey on Over 350 Patients
Introduction: At present, there are not risk scoring tools to predict in-hospital mortality for total aortic arch replacement (TAR),
Hypothesis: To assess if Logistic Euroscore (LogES) is a useful tool for risk assessment in aortic arch surgery and which other operative factors may help to better identify high-risk patients.
Methods: All patients who underwent open arch procedure between 1998 and 2013 were identified from our prospectively collected database which include 93 preoperative variables.
Results: Three-hundred-fifty-seven open arch procedures were identified. Two-hundred-forty-two patients underwent TAR, 199 with conventional technique and 43 with frozen elephant trunk (FET) technique. Patients with higher LogES had higher in-hospital mortality (see table 1). Patient with a LogEs <20, 20-60 and >60 were classified as low-, high- or very high-risk, respectively. Complexity of surgery, defined as need for aortic root replacement (ARR) and/or mitral valve repair/replacement (MVR), increased significantly the risk of operation (27% vs. 4.2%, p:0.004) only in conventional TAR in high-risk patients. Low-risk patients were associated with low mortality regardless the extent of surgery whilst very high risk-patients had a high-risk of death even with simple operations. Mortality risk in FET was not increased by need for ARR/MVR. Rate of permanent neurological deficit remained low in all category of patients. Spinal cord injury (SCI) did not occur in any conventional TAR.
Conclusions: Open surgery should remain the treatment of choice for patients with low/moderate LogES and high LogES without need for ARR/MVR. Patient with very-high LogES who do not need ARR/MVR should be consider for endovascular repair. Patient with high and very-high LogES and need for ARR/MVR cannot undergo endovascular treatment and remain a significant challenge. FET remains a procedure with an increase risk of death and SCI.
Author Disclosures: M. Iafrancesco: None. A.M. Ranasinghe: None. V. Dronavalli: None. D.J. Adam: None. M.W. Claridge: None. P.J. Riley: None. I.J. McCafferty: None. D. Pagano: None. J. Mascaro: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.