Abstract 18991: Salt Taste Detection and Recognition Thresholds - Reliability of a Rapid Sensory Analysis Method
Introduction: Excessive sodium intake is clearly and independently associated with hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. The salt taste sensitivity is closely related to hedonic aspects of nutrition, and this is an important individual factor contributing to the nutritional behavior of salt intake.
Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of an adapted-sensory analysis method for rapid determination of salt taste Detection Threshold (DT - the minimum concentration necessary to detect the stimulus) and Recognition Threshold (RT - the minimum concentration necessary to recognize the salty stimulus).
Methods: The temporal stability of a rapid sensory analysis based on the 3-alternative forced-choice (3-AFC) method (ASTM E679) was tested with 30 adult volunteers. DT and RT for salt were determined using a 15 series of ascending concentrations of salt (from 1 to 290 mM; 1,5-fold steps). Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to test the agreement between the results of the test-retest (1-week interval). For the analysis, the threshold values were log-transformed.
Results: The average time of the trial per participant was 16.7 minutes. Standard deviation on log-transformed DT and RT values quite were variable among subjects. Means for both DT and RT were lower in the retest: 2,99 mM (test) vs. 2,41 mM (retest) for DT; and 19,04 mM (test) vs. 13,76 mM (retest) for RT. However, the test-retest results for both thresholds were reasonably in agreement, as confirmed by the ICCs observed: 0.599 (CI95%; 0,157 - 0,809) and 0.783 (CI95%; 0,545 - 0,897) for DT and RT, respectively.
Conclusions: The sensory analysis method used in this study exhibited evidence of temporal stability, thus of a reliable measure. This observation and the fact of being fast and simple to perform for both experimenter and participant, reinforce its suitability for the determination of salt taste thresholds in studies involving large numbers of subjects. Linking between taste sensitivity to salt consumption and some clinical characteristics such as obesity and visceral fat, may help to understand the mutual influence of these variables, and suggest appropriate interventions to reduce salt intake among individuals at higher cardiovascular risk.
Author Disclosures: J. Giguère: None. M. Gallani: None. M. Doré: None. A. Proulx Bellhumeur: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.