Abstract 18405: Epidrug Treatment Rescues Proliferation and Differentiation in Human Cardiac Mesenchymal Cells of Type 2 Diabetic Patients: A Case of Epimetabolic Memory
Introduction: The origin of metabolic/epigenetic memory remains elusive. It, however, may be at the basis of chronic diseases and functional alteration associated to ageing and cardiovascular disease.
HYPOTHESIS: Diabetes is known to alter cellular metabolism causing defects in tissue/organ regeneration. In this study we asked whether human cardiac stromal cells from diabetic and normoglycaemic voluntary donors revealed differences associated to their original metabolism and whether the alterations could be rescued by epigenetically active drugs.
METHODS and RESULTS: D-CMSC were characterized by a reduced proliferation rate, diminished phosphorylation at histone H3 serine 10 (H3S10P), decreased differentiation potential, and premature cellular senescence. A global histone code profiling of D-CMSC revealed that acetylation on histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9Ac) and lysine 14 (H3K14Ac) was decreased, whereas the trimethylation of histone H3 lysine 9 and lysine 27 significantly increased. These observations were paralleled by a downregulation of the GCN5- related N-acetyltransferases (GNAT) p300/CBP-associated factor and its isoform 5-a general control of amino acid synthesis (GCN5a), determining a relative decreasein total HAT activity. DNA CpG island hypermethylation was detected at promoters of genes involved in cell growth control and genomic stability. Remarkably, treatment with the GNAT proactivator SPV106 restored normal levels of H3K9Ac and H3K14Ac, reduced DNA CpG hypermethylation, and recovered D-CMSC proliferation and differentiation.
CONCLUSIONS: This study investigated the diabetes-associated alterations present in cardiac mesenchymal cells (CMSC) obtained from normoglycemic (ND-CMSC) and type 2 diabetic patients (D-CMSC), identifying the histone acetylase (HAT) activator pentadecylidenemalonate 1b (SPV106) as a potential pharmacological intervention to restore cellular function. These results suggest that epigenetic interventions may reverse alterations in human CMSC obtained from diabetic patients.
Author Disclosures: F. Spallotta: None. C. Cencioni: None. A. Farsetti: None. A.M. Zeiher: None. C. Gaetano: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.