Abstract 18342: Inducible Cardiomyocyte-Specific Deletion of Stromal Interaction Molecules Results in Cardiomyopathy in Mice
Background: Stromal interaction molecules (STIM1 and STIM2) are sarco/endoplasmic calcium sensors ubiquitously expressed in mammalian cells. Upon Ca2+ store discharge STIM proteins oligomerize in proximity of the plasma membrane to activate the Ca2+ selective channels (Orai) and trigger Ca2+ entry. While this mechanism is widely accepted to be the main source of calcium in non-excitable cells, in cardiomyocytes the calcium-induced calcium-release is the major controller of myocardial function, and the presence of STIM in these cells appears somewhat puzzling. Here we investigated the role of STIM in cardiomyocytes and its role in regulating cardiac contractility and intracellular Ca2+ dynamics.
Methods: We have generated an inducible cardiac-specific STIM1 knockout (STIM KO) mouse model to elucidate the role of STIM in the myocardium. Echocardiography was used to evaluate structure and function of the left ventricle. Heart rate was monitored continuously in conscious mice by telemetry. Cell dimensions, shortening, and relaxation were determined by videomicroscopy and calcium transients by fura 2.
Results: Echocardiographic analyses revealed development of dilated cardiomyopathy with a significant reduction of left ventricular fractional shortening (39.91±4.05% vs. 22.41±7.92%, p<0.01). Histological and morphological analyses confirmed a dilated cardiomyopathy characterized by enlarged ventricular chambers. Electrocardiography showed higher heart rate in the STIM1 KO mice with no differences in P-wave duration and QRS interval while Q-T interval was reduced in the STIM1 KO mice as compared to the WT mice. Sarcomere length and cell shortening measurements in freshly isolated cardiomyocytes from STIM1 KO mice confirmed the reduced contractility associated with a reduction of time to 50% relaxation (283±13ms vs. 258±8ms, p<0.05) . Intracellular calcium transient analysis in STIM1 KO cardiomyocytes showed a higher peak amplitude and a time to 50% decay of calcium significantly accelerated.
Conclusions: Our data demonstrate that STIM proteins play an important role in the maintaining normal cardiac function in the adult heart and reveal that STIM plays an important role during cardiac repolarization.
Author Disclosures: S. Murugesan: None. R.D. Sullivan: None. S. Mancarella: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.