Abstract 17994: Echocardiographic parameters of Left Ventricular Size and Function as Predictors of Symptomatic Heart Failure in Patients with Low Normal Ejection Fraction Treated with Anthracyclines
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess whether baseline echocardiographic measures of left ventricular (LV) size and function predict the development of symptomatic heart failure or cardiac death (major adverse cardiac events, MACE) in patients treated with anthracyclines who have a pre-chemotherapy left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in the low normal range (between 50-59%).
Background: Anthracycline-induced symptomatic heart failure and impaired LVEF are late and often irreversible manifestations of anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity. The value of echocardiographic parameters of myocardial size and function before chemotherapy to identify patients at high-risk for development of symptomatic heart failure in patients with low normal LVEF was studied.
Methods: Patients with a LVEF between 50 and 59% before anthracyclines were selected. In these patients, LV volumes, LVEF and peak longitudinal strain (GLS) were measured. Individuals were followed for MACE and all-cause mortality over a median of 659 days (range; 3-3704 days).
Results: Of 2234 patients undergoing echocardiography for pre-anthracycline assessment, 158 (7%) had a resting ejection fraction of 50-59%. Their average LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) was 101±22ml, LVEF was 54 ±3% and global longitudinal strain (GLS) was -17.7±2.6%. Twelve patients experienced a MACE (congestive heart failure) at a median of 173 days (range; 15-530). Age, diabetes, previous coronary artery disease, LVEDV, LVESV and GLS were all-predictive of MACE (P= 0.015, 0.0043 and 0.0065 for LVEDV, LVESV, and GLS respectively). LVEDV and GLS remained predictive of MACE when adjusted for age. Age and GLS were also predictive of overall mortality (p<0.0001 and 0.0105 respectively).
Conclusions: In patients treated with anthracyclines with an LVEF of 50-59%, both baseline EDV and GLS predict the occurrence of MACE. These parameters may help target patients who could bene[[Unable to Display Character: ﬁ]]t from closer cardiac surveillance and earlier initiation of cardioprotective medical therapy.
Author Disclosures: N. Mousavi: None. T. Tan: None. M. Ali: None. E. Halpern: None. L. Wang: None. M. Scherrer-Crosbie: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.