Abstract 17934: Normal Doppler Hemodynamics of Pulmonary Valve Prostheses in Adults
Introduction: Pulmonary valve (PV) replacement is rare, so data regarding normal hemodynamics are limited. We sought to determine the normal Doppler-derived hemodynamic profiles of various PV prostheses (PVPs) in adults.
Hypothesis: Doppler-derived hemodynamic profiles of normal PVPs will vary according to prosthesis type in adult patients.
Methods: We performed a retrospective review of comprehensive two dimensional and Doppler echocardiographic examinations of 327 patients (median age, 35; range 18 -83 years) with normal PVPs performed early after implantation. Data were analyzed to determine mean±SD.
Results: Parasternal short axis was the most commonly used window (96%) for assessment of PVPs. For the 327 PVPs, peak instantaneous gradient was 25±11 mmHg, mean systolic gradient was 13.1±6.1 mmHg, and mean right ventricular outflow tract velocity was 0.8±0.6 m/s. Results for selected variables analyzed by prosthesis type are listed in the Table. Pericardial prostheses had significantly lower peak gradient (21±10.1 mmHg; P=0.002) compared with porcine (25±9.7 mmHg), mechanical (26±16.6 mmHg), bovine venous (34±15.5 mmHg) and homograft PVPs (35±8.4 mm Hg).
Conclusions: This is the largest series reporting normal Doppler-derived hemodynamic profiles of PVPs. This study establishes normative values for Doppler-derived variables for normal PVPs implanted in adults. Pericardial prostheses had the optimal hemodynamic profile in this patient population.
Author Disclosures: A. Hoskoppal: None. H. Connolly: None. F. Miller: None. J. Dearani: None. H. Schaff: None. L. Blauwet: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.