Abstract 179: Effect of Gender on Hospital Discharge Survival After an Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Introduction: Conflicting results exist regarding the impact of gender on survival after Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA).
Hypothesis: Assess association between female gender and survival after SCA
Methods: An electronic search of Embase, Ovid MEDLINE InProcess & NonIndexed Citations and EBM Reviews Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, EBM Reviews Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and Google was conducted (January 1948 to January 2014) for studies of any study design and language, examining the gender effect on survival at hospital discharge after a SCA. Two independent reviewers selected studies and extracted data. The interrater agreements kappa were measured at the first and second selection steps. Moreover, the pooled OR and 95% CI, concerning women vs. men survival at hospital discharge after an OHCA were calculated with a random effect model. Subgroups analyses were performed, according to the cardiac origin of OHCAs and according to the study quality. Study quality criteria were based on the New Castle Ottawa Scale.
Results: After a detailed screening of 556 citations, 12 studies were identified involving 404 621 patients. The interrater agreements kappa was high for the 2 study selection steps (0.91 and 1). In most studies, women were older and had less favorable baseline characteristics including a lower prevalence of witnessed OHCA, OHCA in a public location, bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation and shockable rhythms compared to men. However and after adjustment for these differences, women were more likely to survive at hospital discharge (N=12 OR: 1.11 [1.021.21] p=0.013). This result remains in studies analyzing OHCA of presumed cardiac origin (N=7[[Unable to Display Character: ;]] OR: 1.17 [1.031.34] [[Unable to Display Character: ;]] p=0.017) and in studies of high quality (N=7[[Unable to Display Character: ;]] OR: 1.11 [1.021.21] [[Unable to Display Character: ;]] p=0.017).
Conclusion: Despite less favorable baseline characteristics, women are more likely to survive at hospital discharge after an OHCA. Further studies are needed to explain this paradox.
Author Disclosures: W. Bougouin: None. H. Mustafic: None. E. Marijon: None. H. Murad: None. F. Dumas: None. A. Barbouttis: None. P. Jabre: None. F. Beganton: None. J. Empana: None. A. Cariou: None. X. Jouven: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.