Abstract 17859: Gender Difference in Underlying Plaque Morphology of the Culprit Lesion in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction: an in vivo Optical Coherence Tomography Study
Introduction: Autopsy studies in sudden cardiac death subjects showed female had higher incidence of erosion. However, the incidence of erosion in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has not been systematically studied.
Hypothesis: This study was to study the gender difference in the prevalence and morphological characteristics of the culprit lesion in patients with AMI using intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT).
Methods: A total of 79 patients (65 male and 14 female) with AMI who underwent pre-intervention OCT imaging of the culprit lesion were included.
Results: Baseline characteristics between the two groups were similar. In OCT findings, the incidence of thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) was slightly lower and the fibrous cap thickness was slightly thicker in female than in male, but the differences were not significant. Defining underlying plaque morphology by genders, plaque erosion was more prevalent in female than in male, whereas plaque rupture was more frequent in male (Table).
Conclusions: Erosion was the most frequent cause of AMI in female patients, whereas plaque rupture is the predominant underlying pathology of AMI in male patients.
Author Disclosures: S. Hu: None. H. Jia: None. T. Soeda: None. Y. Minami: None. R. Vergallo: None. Y. Jang: None. S. Park: None. S. Lee: None. H. Lowe: None. P. Barlis: None. H. Lee: None. S. Uemura: None. B. Yu: None. I. Jang: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.