Abstract 17806: The Prognostic Importance of Frequent Premature Atrial Contractions Following Ischemic Cerebrovascular Events
Background: Following ischemic cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or transient ischemic attack (TIA) aggressive risk factor modification is undertaken to reduce the risk of recurrent events. Holter monitoring is advocated to facilitate the detection and treatment of Atrial Fibrillation (AF). Frequent Premature Atrial Contractions (PACs) are associated with the development of AF, but to date it is unknown whether the burden of PACs on Holters is of any prognostic importance following CVA/TIA.
Objective: PACs on Holter monitoring may be a marker for recurrent cerebrovascular events post CVA/TIA.
Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed on Holters of patients with CVA/TIA enrolled in a prior population based stroke study. Frequent PACs were defined as a rate of PACs ≥ 100 per 24 hours. The primary endpoint was recurrent CVA or TIA.
Results: 84 cases (61.0% male) were reviewed. Mean age was 69.7 ± 12.4 years. Mean time to follow-up was 2514.6 ± 91.2 days. The average number of PACs in the frequent group (Hi-PAC, 21 patients) was 1610.8 ± 4541.4 compared with 21.8 ± 27.6 in those with less than 100 PACs (Lo-PAC, 63 patients). There was no statistically significant difference in age, gender, hypertension or diabetes between the two groups. On follow-up there were 20 recurrent events and 33 patients died. In the Hi-PAC group there were 8 (38.1%) recurrent events, and 16 (76.2%) patients died versus 12 (18.8%) and 17 (26.6%) respectively in Lo-PAC group. On Cox regression analysis the Hazard ratio (HR) for recurrent events was 2.75 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08 to 7.01). Kaplan Meier curves revealed a statistically significant difference in recurrance rates between the two groups (p < 0.05). There was also a statistically significant difference in overall mortality on Kaplan Meier survival analysis (p < 0.001), and with a hazard ratio on Cox regression analysis of 3.47 (95% CI 1.74 [[Unable to Display Character: –]] 6.91). There was no significant difference in incidence of MI or AF.
Conclusion: Frequent PACs on Holter monitor represent a significant risk factor for both recurrent events and mortality following CVA/TIA. Further prospective studies should be performed to assess whether these patients may benefit from more aggressive anticoagulation, similar to those with AF.
Author Disclosures: J.J. Keaney: None. L. Akijian: None. D. Mulholland: None. N. Hannon: None. D.M. Ní Chróinín: None. G. Horgan: None. C. McGorrian: None. G. Blake: None. N.G. Mahon: None. L. Kyne: None. J. Duggan: None. S. Murphy: None. P.J. Kelly: Research Grant; Significant; Health Research Board of Ireland.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.