Abstract 17784: The Genesips Project: an NHLBI-Sponsored induced Pluripotent Stem Cell (iPSC) Resource for the Study of Cardiovascular Diseases
The study of complex cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been hampered by the lack of appropriate human cellular model systems. In response, the NHBLI sponsored the NextGen Consortium, which encompasses 9 independent efforts spanning the portfolio of NHLBI related phenotypes. The goals of the consortium include: 1. To develop and improve methods for large-scale production and characterization of induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) models for CVD; 2. To create a resource of iPSC lines from a large number of phenotypically and genotypically characterized individuals.
Our GENESiPS project is focused on insulin resistance (IR), a condition that affects 25-33% of the US population with serious health consequences including risk of type II diabetes and CVD. Although much is known about the physiological changes occurring during IR, little is known about the molecular pathways that drive the appearance of IR. Certain mature cell types as adipocytes, endothelial cells and skeletal muscle cells have been associated with the origin, maintenance and progression of IR. IPSCs offer an unprecedented opportunity of modeling human disease in vitro. We have created iPSC lines on insulin resistant and insulin sensitive patient groups with prior GWAS genotyping. Differentiation of these iPSCs to relevant cell types is providing the opportunity to correlate insulin sensitivity and high-density genetic variation data with specific cell-based profiling. We will validate our in vitro model and study the molecular pathways that define IR and its relationship to endothelial dysfunction.
Relevant to the larger scientific community the establishment of iPSC lines on over 150 individuals (3 to 6 clones per patient) that reflect the range of insulin resistance in the general population. The iPSC lines were created from erythroblasts using the non-integrative Sendai virus system, passaged to allow clearance of Sendai virus and growth in feeder free conditions. The lines have been extensively characterized for markers of pluripotency (Tra1-60), sample identity and genomic integrity. Through the NextGen consortium, these lines, as well as phenotypic and genome-wide genotyping data will be available to qualified investigators.
Author Disclosures: I. Carcamo-Orive: None. P. Cundiff: None. H. Lancero: None. M. Shahbazi: None. F. Abbasi: None. S. Abraham: None. G. Reaven: None. S. Whalen: None. S. D’Souza: None. G. Pandey: None. A. Patel: None. E. Schadt: None. I. Lemischka: None. J. Knowles: None. T. Quertermous: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.