Abstract 17709: Framingham Risk Score and Coronary Plaque Characteristics as Assessed by Three-Vessel Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging
Introduction: Clinical prediction models, such as the Framingham Risk Score (FRS), are useful to identify patients at high risk for future events. However, their association with coronary plaque features is largely unknown.
Aim: This study aimed at evaluating the relationship between FRS and coronary plaque features by optical coherence tomography (OCT).
Methods: FRS was assessed in 176 patients with coronary artery disease [72 with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), and 104 with stable angina] who underwent 3-vessel OCT imaging. Based on the FRS values, patients were divided into 3 groups: lower FRS (FRS<5%, n=26), intermediate FRS (5%≤FRS<10%, n=105), and higher FRS (FRS≥10%, n=45). Nonculprit coronary plaque features were compared among the 3 groups.
Results: A total of 448 nonculprit plaques were identified (lower FRS, n=61; intermediate FRS, n=267; higher FRS, n=120). Compared to the patients with lower and intermediated FRS, those with higher FRS were older (p<0.001), and more likely to have male gender (p<0.001), diabetes (p=0.023), lower HDL-cholesterol (p<0.001) and higher creatinine levels (p=0.023). Compared to the patients with lower FRS, those with higher FRS had greater lipid index (mean lipid arc x lipid length), and tended to have higher prevalence of thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA). Patients with higher FRS showed greater prevalence of calcifications compared to those with lower and intermediate FRS. Prevalence of cholesterol crystals was progressively higher across the 3 groups. At multivariate analysis, presentation with ACS (OR, 2.37; 95% CI, 1.27–4.39; p=0.006), and FRS (OR, 1.57 per 5% risk increase; 95% CI, 1.01–2.42, p=0.043) were independent predictors of TCFA.
Conclusions: Nonculprit plaques of patients with higher FRS showed greater lipid content, and higher prevalence of calcifications and cholesterol crystals compared to those of patients with lower and intermediate FRS. ACS presentation and FRS were independent predictors of TCFA.
Author Disclosures: R. Vergallo: None. H. Jia: None. T. Soeda: None. Y. Minami: None. S. Hu: None. J. Tian: None. H. Lee: None. L.M. Biasucci: None. F. Crea: None. I. Jang: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.