Abstract 17378: Familial Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection - Evidence for Genetic Susceptibility
Background: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) typically presents as acute coronary syndrome in young women with no cardiovascular risk factors. It is associated with high morbidity and mortality, and is underdiagnosed. Despite this, risk factors and pathophysiology associated with SCAD are not completely understood. The objective of the present case series was to assess family history as a risk factor in patients with SCAD.
Methods: We reviewed the medical records and questionnaires of 335 participants in the Mayo Clinic SCAD Registry for history of MI, SCAD or CAD in another family member. Coronary angiograms of all affected family members were reviewed by a senior interventional cardiologist.
Results: We identified 4 familial cases of SCAD comprised of affected mother-daughter, identical twin sister, sister and aunt-niece pairs, implicating both recessive and dominant modes of inheritance. The mother-daughter pair also reported history of fatal MI in 3 maternal relatives including grandmother, great grandmother and great aunt. One of the affected twin sisters died of SCAD, which was confirmed on autopsy. None of the subjects had other potential risk factors for SCAD including extreme exercise, polycystic kidney disease, connective tissue disorder, peripartum status or diagnosed non-coronary fibromuscular dysplasia. The details of their demographics, risk factors, presentation, location of SCAD and management are presented in the table.
Conclusions: This series is the first to identify a familial association in SCAD suggesting a genetic predisposition. Recognition of SCAD as a heritable disorder has implications for at-risk family members and furthers our understanding of the pathophysiology of this complex disease. Whole exome sequencing in these families provides a unique opportunity to identify the molecular underpinnings of SCAD susceptibility.
Author Disclosures: K. Goel: None. M. Tweet: None. T.M. Olson: None. J.J. Maleszewski: None. R. Gulati: None. S. Hayes: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.