Abstract 17352: Differences in Clinical Characteristics, Risk Factors, Rate of Recurrence and 1-year Outcome Between Acute Heart Failure Patients With Stroke or TIA and Those Without This Co-morbidity. Results From the Gulf aCute heArt failuRe rEgistry (gulf Care)
Background: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a known risk for stroke and morbidities and mortalities are known to be higher in CHF patients compared to stroke patients without CHF we here study the prevalence and the clinical significance in a group of patient with stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) who were admitted to hospital with acute heart failure (AHF) compared to those without stroke and are admitted with acute heart failure
Methods: Data were derived from a prospective, multicenter, multinational study of 5005 patients hospitalized with AHF from February 2013 to November 2012. Data were analyzed according to the presence or absence of Stroke or bronchial TIA. Demographic, management, in-hospital and 1-year outcomes were compared
Results: Stroke patients were likely to have a decompensation of chronic failure rather than De-Novo AHF when compared to those without Stroke/TIA (see table). Stroke patients were older; more likely to be female, have history of DM, HTN, dyslipidemia and CKD. Stroke patients were likely to have Atrial fibrillation, PVD, systolic LV dysfunction as well as CAD when compared to those without Stroke, they were also more likely receive NIV, IV inotropes and likely to have had cardiac PCI prior to this admission with AHF. Stroke patients had higher recurrence of stroke and one-year mortality rates.
Conclusion: Patients who presented with AHF and history of stroke/TIA were having different clinical characteristics as well as comorbidities as compared to those without Stroke, with worse in-hospital and one-year outcome. The current study underlies the need to aggressively manage these high-risk patients.
Author Disclosures: M.A. Al Hashemi: None. K. Sulaiman: None. J. Al-Suwaidi: None. K.F. AlHabib: None. H. AlFaleh: None. A. Elasfar: None. A. Al-Motarreb: None. P. Panduranga: None. N. Nidal Asaad: None. W. Almahmeed: None. A. Alsheikh-Ali: None. N. Bazargani: None. M. Ridha: None. B. Bulbanat: None. M. Al-Jarallah: None. H. Amin: None. C. Bollensdorff: None. M. Yacoub: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.