Abstract 17348: Necrostatin 7 Limits Myocardial Infarct Size and Reduces Cardiac Remodeling After Permanent Coronary Occlusion in Rats
Background: Reduction of irreversible myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) remains important. One of the promising strategies aimed at myocardial IRI alleviation is modulation of programmed cell death (PCD) pathways. PCD mode displaying morphological characteristics of necrosis, and amenable to pharmacological manipulation is referred to as necroptosis. Necroptosis inhibitor necrostatin-1 has been shown to exert cardio- and neuroprotective effects. In the present work, the effect of necrostatin-7 (Nec-7) on myocardial injury in the rat model of permanent coronary occlusion was studied.
Methods: Male Wistar rats (n = 19) were anesthetized with pentobarbital. The animals were subjected to permanent coronary occlusion (PCO) and intraperitoneal (i.p.) Nec-7 administration 1 h prior to PCO at a dose of 14.5 mg/kg in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) or DMSO alone at a dose of 3.1 g/kg. Control rats were treated with saline. Three weeks after PCO, serum levels of NT-proBNP were measured, and histological outcomes were assessed. The infarct size (IS, %) and infarct length (IL, mm) were analyzed morphometrically.
Results: DMSO caused significant reduction in serum NT-proBNP level vs. Control (0.3 ± 0.19 vs. 0.5 ± 0.22 ng/ml, p = 0.001), while Nec-7 further decreased NT-proBNP level in comparison with DMSO (0.2 ± 0.14 ng/ml, p = 0.008 vs. DMSO). Compared with Control, DMSO reduced adverse left ventricular remodeling, as evidenced by reduction in IS (16.0 ± 2.92 and 12.9 ± 1.72%, p = 0.015) and IL (6.2 ± 0.89 and 3.8 ± 0.35 mm, p = 0.008). Nec-7 treatment resulted in additional reduction of both IS and IL vs. DMSO group (9.0 ± 4.91 % and 2.9 ± 1.62 mm, respectively; p = 0.013 and p = 0.011 vs. DMSO, respectively).
Conclusion: Nec-7 has cardioprotective properties, reducing myocardial wall stress and myocardial remodeling in the rat model of myocardial infarction.
Author Disclosures: Y. Dmitriev: None. S. Minasian: None. A. Dracheva: None. A. Karpov: None. S. Chefu: None. E. Demchenko: None. M. Galagudza: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.