Abstract 17272: Ionic Current Remodeling Delays the Electrical Recovery of the Senescent Heart
Cardiac aging is associated with lengthening of the QT interval, a condition that enhances malignant ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death. The aim of this study was to establish whether ionic currents are altered in old myocytes contributing to the protracted electrical recovery of the senescent heart. Thus, mice at 3-30 months of age were studied by ECG and patch-clamp; these physiological determinations were complemented with molecular assays for the analysis of ion channel proteins. By surface ECG and telemetry system, PR, QRS and QT intervals were prolonged in mice at 25 months or older. These delays were maintained in ex-vivo Langendorff preparations. In comparison to young, epicardial monophasic action potential (AP) duration at 50% and 90% repolarization were 1.6- and 1.2-fold larger in old LV, respectively. Moreover, senescent hearts presented a 60% higher incidence of arrhythmias. In isolated myocytes, prolongation of the early (+47%), intermediate (+117%) and late (+75%) repolarization phases of the AP were identified in cells from old animals, whereas resting membrane potential, upstroke amplitude and +dV/dt were preserved. Voltage-clamp experiments were then performed to measure ionic current properties. The rapidly activating K+ current, which consists of the transient outward and ultrarapid delayed rectifier (Ito+Kur), is responsible for the early repolarization of the AP, and was significantly reduced in old myocytes. Molecular studies revealed low levels of transcripts and proteins for K+ channel subunits Kv1.4, Kv1.5 and KChiP2 in senescent cells. Also, the late Na+ current INaL, which presents slow inactivation kinetics and is operative during AP repolarization, was 1.5-fold larger in old cells. These changes were associated with alterations in gene and protein expression of Na+ channel subunits. Inhibition of INaL with mexiletine significantly shortened the intermediate and late repolarization phases of the AP in both myocytes and perfused myocardium from old mice. Importantly, INaL inhibition in vivo shortened the QT interval of senescent mice by 12%. Thus, defects in ionic current occur with aging resulting in prolongation of the AP and delays in electrical recovery which may lead to malignant ventricular arrhythmias.
Author Disclosures: S. Signore: None. G. Borghetti: None. R. Kannappan: None. A. Sorrentino: None. A. Cannata: None. M. Meo: None. Y. Zhou: None. C. Mangiaracina: None. N. Alesi: None. B.F. Sena: None. M. Nahrendorf: None. P. Goichberg: None. A. Leri: None. P. Anversa: None. M. Rota: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.