Abstract 17268: Echocardiographic Predictors of Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test Performance in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Introduction: Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) have lower peak oxygen uptake (VO2) than healthy peers. The mechanism of peak VO2 limitation in HCM has not been fully elucidated.
Hypothesis: We assessed the hypothesis that resting echocardiographic parameters are predictive of peak VO2 in HCM.
Methods: A retrospective review of adult HCM patients seen at a tertiary referral center from 2006-2012 was performed. Patients who underwent a comprehensive echocardiogram and cardiopulmonary treadmill exercise test within 1 week were included. Multivariate modeling was used to identify predictors of peak VO2 adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, beta blocker use, diabetes, smoking, systolic blood pressure, and obstructive HCM.
Results: Five hundred and forty one patients met the inclusion criteria. The average age was 52 +/- 0.65 years, 62% were male, 78% had obstructive HCM, and 42% were NYHA class III or IV. Independent predictors of peak VO2 included averaged left ventricular (LV) longitudinal peak systolic strain (p<0.01) and right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) (p<0.01) (Figure 1). Obstructive versus non-obstructive HCM, grade of diastolic dysfunction, LV mass and wall thickness, left atrial volume index, right ventricular dysfunction and moderate or greater mitral or tricuspid regurgitation were not independent predictors of peak VO2.
Conclusions: In conclusion, higher RVSP and less negative LV longitudinal peak systolic strain were moderate independent predictors of lower peak VO2. These findings confirm the hypothesis that resting echocardiographic parameters are predictive of peak VO2 in HCM. Further study of the relationship between echocardiographic findings and outcomes on cardiopulmonary exercise testing may help elucidate the mechanisms of exercise limitation in HCM.
Author Disclosures: C.M. Larsen: None. C.A. Ball: None. V.B. Hebl: None. J.B. Geske: None. K.C. Ong: None. K.C. Siontis: None. T.P. Olson: None. T.G. Allison: None. S.R. Ommen: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.