Abstract 17261: Inhibition of Fibrinolysis Attenuates Influenza A-induced Lung Injury
Rationale: Influenza A virus (IAV) is the leading cause of death from an infectious cause and ranks 8th in the list of attributable annual mortality in the United States. Currently available antiviral treatments are limited and may become ineffective as resistant strains emerge. The coexistence of hemostatic alterations with inflammatory responses to viral infections support the idea that common molecular mechanisms contribute to the regulation of these systems. Previous studies demonstrated that IAV induces the activation of both coagulation and fibrinolytic pathways, and that the impairment of the latter is mainly attributable to high levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor type I (PAI-1), the major inhibitor of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA). Interferon-α (IFN-α) plays a key role in the control of viral replication and overall shaping of the immune response. We sought to determine whether PAI-1, plays a role in the immune response and morbidity and mortality associated with IAV infection.
Methods: Wild-type (C57BL/6J), PAI-1-/-, t-PA-/- and PAI-1 stab (transgenic mice expressing an active form of human PAI-1) mice were treated intratracheally with IAV (A/WSN/33 [H1N1] 500 pfu/mouse in 50μl PBS). We assessed the levels of IFN-α in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) on day 2 and 4, and influenza A-induced morbidity (weight loss) and mortality.
Results: Compared with wild-type mice, PAI-1-/- mice had increased IAV-induced morbidity and mortality. In contrast, both PAI-1 stab and t-PA-/- mice had improved survival. In wild-type mice, IAV induced a significant elevation IFN-α levels in BALF. PAI-1 stab mice had a 2-fold increase, while PAI-1-/-mice had a 69% reduction in IFN-α levels in BALF compared to wild-type mice.
Conclusions: Inhibition of fibrinolysis by means of genetic overexpression of PAI-1 or deletion of t-PA augments the antiviral response and attenuates the morbidity and mortality associated with IAV infection. These results suggest an important functional role for PAI-1 and fibrinolysis in the pathogenesis of influenza A infection. Modulation of the fibrinolytic pathway or PAI-1 may potentially be useful as a target for novel therapeutics in the management of IAV-induced lung injury.
Author Disclosures: L. Morales-Nebreda: None. M. Eren: None. S. Soberanes: None. R. Nigdelioglu: None. M. Rogel: None. M. Chi: None. T. Cho: None. R. Hamanaka: None. D.E. Vaughan: None. G. Budinger: None. G.M. Mutlu: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.