Abstract 17218: Reduced Left Atrial Compliance in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction: New Insights Into Pathophysiology
Background: Reduced left atrial (LA) compliance (LAC) contributes to pulmonary venous hypertension in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF); however the underlying mechanisms are poorly defined. We hypothesized that microvascular inflammation with rarefaction and impaired nitric oxide (NO) signaling, LA titin hypophosphorylation and fibrosis may each contribute to reduced LAC in HFpEF.
Methods: Invasive LA pressure-volume (PV) analyses (open-chest; pericardiotomy; admittance catheter) were performed in 9 aged dogs with experimental hypertension (bilateral renal wrap + DOCA; HFpEF) compared to 13 sham-operated young adult dogs (control). LAC was measured at end-LA reservoir during acute preload reduction (cava occlusion). LA tissue and LA microvascular function were analyzed.
Results: Compared to controls, the curvilinear end-LA reservoir PV relationship (Fig A) was shifted upward/leftward in HFpEF (LA diastolic stiffness constant 0.08 vs 0.16 mmHg/mL in controls, p=0.005). LA microvascular density (MVD; CD31 stain) tended to be lower in HFpEF than controls (2154±578 vs 2650±523 vessels/mm2, p=0.07) and LA MVD negatively correlated with the LA diastolic stiffness constant (r=-0.66, p=0.006). LA microvessels from HFpEF dogs showed impaired endothelium-dependent shear stress-mediated dilation compared to controls, consistent with impaired NO signaling (Fig B). Titin isoform expression was similar between groups, but isoform N2B (stiffer) was (p=0.03) and N2BA (compliant) tended to be (p=0.09) hypophosphorylated in HFpEF LA appendage (LAA) tissue. Fibrosis (Picrosirius Red) was similar between groups in the LA free wall and LAA, but increased in areas adjacent to the pulmonary veins in HFpEF (27±12% vs controls 15±8%, p=0.01).
Conclusion: In experimental HFpEF, LAC was reduced in association with evidence of LA microvascular rarefaction and impaired NO signaling, titin hypophosphorylation and regional increases in LA fibrosis.
Author Disclosures: R. Zakeri: None. Q. Chai: None. G. Moulay: None. O. Ogut: None. S. Hussain: None. H. Takahama: None. T. Lu: None. X. Wang: None. W.A. Linke: None. H. Lee: None. M.M. Redfield: Honoraria; Modest; HFSA CME presentation. Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Eli Lily Co., Novartis- unpaid advisory.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.