Abstract 17216: Intracoronary Dual-modal OCT/NIRF Structural-Molecular Imaging with a Clinical Dose of Indocyanine Green (ICG) for Detection of High-risk Coronary Plaques in Diabetic Swine Model
Background: Acute coronary syndrome is frequently caused by rupture of macrophage abundant plaques with a large lipid-rich core. The present study aimed to investigate whether a fully integrated OCT/NIRF imaging combined with a clinically available near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) enhancing ICG can detect the inflamed, lipid-rich plaques in swine coronary atheromata whose phenotype is similar to human vulnerable fibroatheroma.
Methods and Results: Accelerated atherosclerosis was made by coronary balloon denudation in alloxan induced diabetic minipigs. A rapid coronary imaging (20 mm/sec pullback speed) using a fully integrated OCT/NIRF catheter was safely performed 30 minutes after I.V. injection of ICG (2.0 mg/kg) just under contrast purge. OCT clearly identified the lipid-rich plaques with fibrous cap. Simultaneously acquired, distance-calibrated NIRF imaging detected lipid-laden macrophage signals in OCT-proven plaques (figure). The in vivo plaque target-to-background ratio (pTBR) was significantly higher in ICG-injected swine compared to non-diabetic swines or saline-injected controls (p<0.05), which was validated on ex vivo fluorescence reflectance imaging (FRI) (figure). The in vivo and ex vivo peak pTBRs correlated significantly (p<0.05). In vitro experiments, and histopathology including fluorescence microscopic imaging and immunostaining of the plaque sections corroborated the findings in vivo.
Conlusions: An OCT/NIRF imaging with a clinical use of ICG accurately identified macrophage abundant, lipid-rich coronary plaques in diabetic atheromatous minipigs. This highly translatable dual-modal molecular-structural imaging could be relevant for clinical intracoronary detection of high-risk plaques.
Author Disclosures: S. Kim: None. M. Lee: None. H. Cho: None. J. Song: None. S. Lee: None. D. Oh: None. K. Park: None. W. Oh: None. H. Yoo: None. J. Kim: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.